In the light of the following documents and your knowledge of the period between 1775-1825, discuss the effects of the early westward movement on the new American nation.

Document 1

Document 2
     . . . It is now proper to proceed a step further . . . manufacturing establishments not only a positive augmentation of the produce and revenue of the society, but that they contribute essentially to rendering the United States greater than it could possibly be without such establishments. The circumstances are:
     1. The division of labor
     2. An extension of the use of machinery
     3. Additional employment to classes of the community not ordinarily engaged in business.
     4. The promoting of emigration from foreign countries
     5. The furnishing greater scope for the diversity of talents and disposition, which discriminate men from each other.
     6. The affording a more ample and various field for enterprise.
     7. The creating, in some instances, a new, and securing, in all, a more certain and steady demand for the surplus produce of the soil.

-- Alexander Hamilton
Report on the Subject of Manufactures
December 5, 1791

Document 3

Document 4

     For more than a century the Cherokees had been ceding their land, thousands of acres by thousands of acres. They had lost all of Kentucky and much of Tennessee... The Cherokees had adopted the white man's way-his clothing, government, and his religion...In exchange for their 35,000 acres of land, the tribe was to receive 5 million dollars and land beyond the Mississippi River...
     Ever since the signing of the treaties of 1819, Major General Andrew Jackson urged the Cherokees to move beyond the Mississippi.

--Dee Brown,
The Trail of Tears, 1819-1835

Document 5
     On March 16, 1818 (being the next Monday after the close of the public land sales at Huntsville), will be offered for sale to the highest bidder on the premises, a part of the lots laid out for the new town of Cotton Port...At the public sales now going on in Huntsville the land sells for $2 to $70 per acre and at an average of $16 per acre. Trustees have endeavored to arrange the streets, lots, etc. , and to every family a piece of garden ground.

--Tennesse Herald
Land Sale Advertisment
February 21, 1818

Document 6
     This is the country for a man to enjoy himself...

     The poorest of families adorn the table three times a day like a wedding dinner-tea, coffee, beef, fowls, pies, eggs, pickles, good bread; and their favorite beverage is whiskey or peach brandy...If you knew the difference between this country and England you would need no persuading to leave it and come hither.

--Samuel Crabtree, a British immigrant

Document 7

US Population: 1790-1830

Document 8
     It is with pleasure that I announce to you the safe arrival of myself and party...In obedience to your orders we have penetrated the continent of North America to the Pacific Ocean...We view this passage across the continent as affording immense advantages to the fur trade...If the government will only aid, even in a very limited manner the enterprise of her citizens, I am fully convinced that we shall shortly dervive the benefits of a most lucrative trade...we are anxious to proceed.

--Meriwether Lewis
Initial Report to the President

Document 9
     Napoleon offered to sell all of Louisiana, including the vast territory to the West and North of New Orleans. We were ready to agree, but i worried that I was exceeding my constitutional mandate...This treaty must, of course, be laid before both Houses. They, I presume, will see their duty to their country in ratifying and paying for it...his ward in purchasing an important adjacent territory...I did this for your good.

--Thomas Jefferson
Stretches the Constitution to Buy Louisiana

Document 10

Under My Wings, Everything Prospers

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