Post-Civil War Westward Expansion (2)

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1 After the Civil War, the West favored the issue of greenbacks because?:
this would increase the market for silver.
the war had raised the prices of food outrageously.
the government was unable to raise funds by marketing bonds.
it wanted hard money backed by the gold standard.
inflation and cheap dollars would favor the farmers, who were in debt.

2 The Homestead Act provided?:
that Indians should henceforth own their lands as individuals rather than collectively as tribes.
160 acres of free land within the public domain to any head of household who would settle on it and improve it over a period of five years.
large amounts of federal government land to Great Plains cattle ranchers who would contract to provide beef for the Union army.
40 acres of land to each former slave above the age of 21.
that the land of former Confederates should not be confiscated.

3 The railroads influenced the cattle industry by?:
helping to make the "long drive" economically feasible.
transporting cattle to markets in the North and the East.
bringing in farmers who fenced the Plains, eventually ending the open-range form of cattle ranching.
all of these choices are correct.

4 The federal government's Indian policy between 1876 and 1900 was characterized by?:
an attempt to compensate the Indians for past mistreatment.
a concern for the preservation of a tribal lifestyle among the Indians.
a movement to encourage the Indians to learn the ways of white society.
a program to protect and maintain the buffalo herds.

5 The purpose of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 was to?:
weaken tribes, allot land to individual Indians, and promote assimilation.
geographically disperse the reservations so it would be more difficult for Indian warrior forces to unite.
increase tribal loyalty and reduce violence by allowing chiefs and tribal councils to act autonomously on the reservations.
restore economic viability to the nomadic way of Plains Indian life by revitalizing the bison herds.

6 Six states were created from the western territories in 1889 and 1890. These states were not admitted before 1889 because?:
Democrats in Congress were reluctant to create states out of territories that were heavily Republican.
the lawlessness of many western towns discouraged Congress from admitting the territories as states.
polygamy, as practiced by the Mormons in the West, was unacceptable to Congress.
if large mining firms had been forced to pay state taxes, they would have to close down.

7 The cattle boom on the Great Plains ended in part because?:
many ranchers preferred raising sheep.
too few people were willing to risk investment.
severe weather conditions and overgrazing wiped out many ranchers.
new breeds of cattle made ranching less profitable.

8 The federal government aided settlement into the Great Plains region by all of the following means EXCEPT?:
offering settlers large areas of land at very small fees if they would live there for five years.
making it easy to establish western territorial governments.
giving cash bonuses to every settler who established residency in the new territories.
changing federal land law frequently to adjust to western circumstances.

9 Helen Hunt Jackson's book entitle A Century of Dishonor (1880) recounted?:
American imperialism and its effects on the middle class.
discriminatory practices employed by the United States government against African-Americans.
the atrocities of the Spanish-American War.
the long record of broken treaties and injustices against American Indians.
the abuses involving big business trusts in America.

10 After the boom of the 1870s and early 1880s, agriculture in the West?:
went into a period of stable growth.
experienced a long period of economic decline.
enjoyed a further boom until the 1910s.
changed little for the next decade.