Post-Civil War Westward Expansion  (1)

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1 Which of the following did NOT contribute to the end of the open range cattle industry?:
droughts.
farming.
railroads.
barbed wire.
sheep herding.

2 The United States' policy toward the Native American changed dramatically with the passage in 1887 of the Dawes Act, which?:
wiped out tribal ownership of property and granted 160 acres to heads of families.
treated the tribes as independent nations.
established new and larger reservations for all tribes.
granted full citizenship to all tribal members.
forbade selling alcohol or guns on reservations.

3 The historian Frederick Jackson Turner argued that the frontier shaped America by?:
killing off many of the most adventurous individuals.
stimulating individualism, nationalism, and democracy.
producing institutions very much like those of Europe.
creating new opportunities for women.

4 During the late 1800s, farmers supported free and unlimited coinage of silver mainly because they believed that it would lead to?:
the establishment of government farm price supports.
higher prices for farm products.
the lowering of rates charged by railroads.
lower prices for consumer goods.

5 The United States government's outlawing of the Indian Sun (Ghost) Dance in 1890 resulted in the?:
Battle of Little Big Horn.
Battle of Potowanamie Creek.
Dawes Severality Act.
Massacre at Sand Creek.
Battle of Wounded Knee.

6 According to the new view of the environment that was developing in the late 19c?:
humans tended to be disturbers of nature.
nature existed to be tamed and conquered.
natural resources were abundant and existed to be exploited.
natural wildlife management would help to stabilize the buffalo population.

7 The two factors that did most to stimulate rapid western settlement were?:
the Homestead Act and the railroad.
removal of the buffalo and Native Americans from the plains.
the gold rushes and the rise of the great cattle kingdoms.
the removal of the Indians and the gold rushes.

8 The mining towns which developed between 1860 and 1890?:
were often abandoned after the mines closed.
were predominantly settled by men.
frequently suffered from lawlessness.
all of these choices are correct.

9 The rapid development of railroads in the United States was accomplished?:
in large measure through the investment of European banking firms.
exclusively through the support of large numbers of small investors.
with the help of some of the largest government subsidies ever granted.
almost totally through the investment of a handful of shrewd millionaires.

10 Open-range ranching came to an end due to?:
overproduction of beef and declining prices.
federal support for irrigated agriculture.
the range wars between cattlemen and sheepherders.
increase in cattle production in the Midwest and East.
fencing of the plains with barbed wire.