Reform Movements (1)

Click on the correct answer


1 The Oneida Community?:
advocated "free love" to redefine gender roles.
called for celibacy and attracted members of conversion.
believed it liberated women from the demands of male "lust" and from traditional bonds of family.
was widely accepted and had almost no critics.

2 In his Essay, Resistance to Civil Government, Henry David Thoreau claimed that an individual should?:
no pay poll taxes.
live in isolation and as simply as possible.
obey only legitimately elected government officials.
reject the artificial constraints of government.
refuse to obey unjust laws.

3 After 1830, which of the following reform movements began to overshadow the others?:
antislavery.
women's rights.
temperance.
education.
prison and penal reform.

4 Transcendentalists believed that?:
understanding" was more important than "reason.
man should repress instinct and strive for externally imposed learning.
each individual should strive to "transcend" the limits of intellect and allow emotions to create an "original relation to the universe."
individuals should avoid anything that would bring one too close to the natural world.

5 In the 1820s and 1830s, Protestant revival evangelists like Charles Grandison Finney?:
proclaimed the possibility of salvation for all by individual effort.
called for a crusade against personal immorality.
worked for the reform of the larger society.
all of these choices are correct.

6 During the 1800s, members of the temperance movement agreed almost unanimously that?:
abstinence should promote the moral self-improvement of individuals.
state governments should restrict the sale and consumption of alcohol.
abstinence should include not only hard liquor, but also beer and wine.
all of these choices are correct.

7 Ralph Waldo Emerson's transcendentalist philosophy included all of the following beliefs EXCEPT?:
an intimate connection between man and nature.
the sanctity of the individual.
self-reliance and independence of spirit.
rejection of the existence of God.

8 Before the Civil War, the movement for women's rights was particularly strong among the?:
Baptists.
Quakers.
Mormons.
Methodists.
Catholics.

9 The asylum movement of the 1800s incorporated the principle of?:
freedom from strict discipline for prisoners and mental hospital inmates.
the swift return of social deviants to the mainstream of society.
firm, yet humane, treatment to rehabilitate the criminal and the insane.
using lessons from Indian life to improve the rest of American society.

10 Antebellum feminists were generally?:
devoted to the issue of women's rights to the exclusion of all else.
active in other reform movements as well.
indifferent to political issues while attentive to social causes.
united in their goals and methods.

11 Which of the following did NOT characterize the early 19c religious movement known as the Second Great Awakening?:
extreme displays of emotion.
an emphasis on individual convention.
increased interest in social reforms such as the temperance movement.
acceptance of slavery as ordained by God.
extensive involvement by women and African-Americans.

12 Most founders of utopian communities believed that?:
if social arrangements could be perfected, the ills of society could be eliminated.
if men and women lived together without being married, the population would decline.
if perfect communities were created, the government would be forced to abolish slavery.
if the natural defects of human society could be outlawed, men and women could live in harmony.