Progressivism  (3)

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1 Most urban working people opposed the actions of the progressives against the party machines because?:
the machines were a source of jobs and services.
the bosses tended to be of the same nationality as the progressives.
they felt that the progressives were meddling, middle-class snobs who did not understand their lives.
they had been threatened with violence by the bosses if they supported the progressives.

2 The income tax amendment to the Constitution adopted in 1913?:
recovered revenue lost by reducing the tariff.
applied the same tax rate to all incomes.
redistributed wealth from the rich to the poor.
paid for the social-welfare programs of the Wilson administration.
was repealed at the beginning of the Depression.

3 Which of the following does NOT correctly describe the Progressives?:
they favored government regulation of business on behalf of the public interest.
they were concerned with the social and economic conditions of the city.
they advocated a more orderly and efficient society.
they called for a stronger state and federal government.
they represented farmers and the working class.

4 Jacob Coxey's 1894 march on Washington, D. C. called for?:
tougher immigration restrictions.
a government takeover of the railroads.
an increase in the supply of paper money.
recognition of the legitimacy of labor unions.
generosity in granting pensions to Civil War veterans.

5 The advocates of women's suffrage significantly increased their general public support during the Progressive Era when they put increased emphasis on the argument that women's suffrage would?:
lead to full social and economic power for women within a generation.
increase political power and office-holding opportunities available to women.
bring more women into the industrial work force, thereby countering recession.
enhance the likelihood of the successful enactment of other progressive reform causes.

6 With respect to government-controlled public lands, Roosevelt generally favored?:
absolute preservation in their natural states.
leasing for unrestricted private exploitation.
conservation with carefully managed development.
outright sale to private developers who could use the land in any way they wished.

7 Which statement describes both the "Square Deal" and the "New Freedom"?:
they were the legislative programs of reforming presidents.
they stressed the importance of conservation.
they were chiefly supported by Republicans.
they included only political and legal reforms, not economic reforms.

8 Which of the following statements best summarizes Theodore Roosevelt's position on trusts?:
trusts are an economic evil and should be destroyed in every case.
only trusts in the railroad and oil industries are acceptable.
good trusts should be tolerated while bad trusts are prevented from manipulating markets.
only trusts in the meatpacking industry should be broken up.
anything that stands in t he way of complete and unrestricted economic competition is evil and should be removed.

9 The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government?:
brought democracy to urban dwellers.
was designed to remove politics from municipal administration.
was developed in Wisconsin.
made giant strides under the leadership of Hiram Jackson.

10 Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom?:
advocated social-welfare programs.
opposed fragmentation of big industrial combines.
favored small enterprise and entrepreneurship.
supported minimum-wage laws.

11 The ideology of progressivism, insofar as it had one, generally?:
called for redistribution of incomes from wealthy to poor and a socialist approach to government.
was rooted in firm and fixed standards of morality and truth.
stressed trying to meet the special needs of each identifiable private interest.
mixed a liberal concern for the poor with a conservative wish to control social disorder.

12 Which of the following was, in large part, a consequence of Upton Sinclair's 1906 book, The Jungle?:
President Theodore Roosevelt supported passage of the Meat Inspection Act.
drug manufacturers agreed to stop selling impure merchandise.
railroad rate-making was taken out of the hands of the railroad industry and put into the hands of the ICC.
President Roosevelt supported legislation to guarantee the rights of workers to bargain collectively.