Progressivism  (2)

Click on the correct answer

1 The Federal Reserve System has improved on the earlier national banking system by providing for?:
greater elasticity of credit and currency.
a national bank under the direct control of the federal government.
complete control over all United States banks.
a system for control of consumer credit.
insurance of bank deposits.

2 Theodore Roosevelt's chief criticism of the muckrakers was that they?:
influenced only a limited number of voters.
supplied the Democrats with good political issues.
undermined reforms already in progress.
lacked sufficient documentation for many of their writings.
were more adept at exposing abuses than at constructive efforts.

3 The Progressive movement's attitude toward monopoly was one of?:
advocating a cooperative economy.
encouraging the progressive development of trusts which had a social conscience.
ignoring the subject as of minor importance in comparison with dishonest politics and corrupt morals.
advocating the end of corporate privileges in government and the regulation or destruction of trusts.
desiring the institution of profit-sharing.

4 The main purpose of initiative, referendum, and recall was to?:
reduce federal control over local government.
enlarge citizens' control over state and local governments.
stimulate economic growth.
restore the balance between state and federal power.

5 The Clayton Anti-Trust Act?:
held that trade unions fell under the anti-monopoly restraints of the Sherman Act.
regarded labor as an article of commerce.
helped Congress to control interstate commerce.
explicitly legalized strikes and peaceful picketing.

6 The Nineteenth Amendment granting women the right to vote was embraced by many Progressives because?:
a large minority of American voters now favored it.
the women agitating for it moderated the radicalism of their campaign.
the higher moral character of women would help clean up politics.
it could offset growing jingoism and militarism, especially once World War I began.

7 According to John Dewey, schools should?:
become the instruments of reform by embracing the new ethic of social interdependence.
guard against experimentalism and preserve the role of the teacher as the unquestioned authority.
teach self-reliance, hard work, and honesty.
serve as the handmaidens of industry by teaching subjects that were most needed by the business world.

8 What happened to bring about the passage in 1906 of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act?:
the revelation that Colden's Liquid Beef Tonic contained 26.5% alcohol.
the disgusting descriptions found in The Jungle.
proregulation pressure from the larger food-processing, meatpacking, and medicinal companies.
all of these choices are correct.

9 Jane Addams opened a settlement house for which of the following two reasons?:
to earn rent money and to fight the political bosses.
to create a home base for launching a political career and to fight neighborhood crime.
to help her neighbors and to create meaningful work opportunities for educated women.
to clean up Halsted Street and to become the first female war boss.

10 The Niagara Movement, founded in 1905 by W. E. B. Du Bois, fought for?:
cheaper electricity in the St. Lawrence-upper New York region.
greater public involvement in the electricity monopoly.
woman suffrage.
universal suffrage and civil rights for African Americans.

11 As a result of the increasing demands for reform in medicine by the progressives, the medical profession?:
established the American Medical Association, to represent the field as a whole.
fought against the passage of state and local laws requiring the licensing of all physicians.
opened the field to all practitioners in the field.
all of these choices are correct.

12 What is an accurate contrast between the Populists and politically active Progressives?:
the Populists sought to limit the power of government, the Progressives expanded the power of government to address social needs.
Populist supporters were largely Southern or Western agrarians, Progressive supporters were largely middle class urban professionals.
the Populists made some political gains at the state level, but failed in national politics; the Progressives, ignoring state politics, enjoyed success at the national level.
the Populist Party never won a presidential election, between 1900 and 1920, the Progressive Party never lost one.