Progressivism   (1)

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1 Progressives supported greater participation in the political process through all of the following EXCEPT?:
primary elections.
recall.
initiative and referendum.
direct election of senators.
city manager government.

2            Underneath the surface...the activity of privilege appears, the
            privileges of the street railways, the gas, the water, the telephone,
            and the electric-lighting companies. The connection of these
            industries with politics explains the power of the boss and the
            machine.

Who would most likely have made this statement?:
a Puritan.
a Populist.
a Transcendentalist.
a Muckraker.
an isolationist.

3 John Dewey's theories on "progressive education" advocated all of the following EXCEPT?:
rote memorization was an ineffective way of earning.
school's developing a student's social outlook.
children best learn by doing.
knowledge of the facts was the purpose of education.
students should be encouraged to work on group projects.

4 What was the federal government's attitude toward trusts during most of the Progressive period?:
the government should not interfere with the organization of trusts or their operation.
good trusts should be allowed to exist subject to proper governmental regulations.
the wealth that trusts created justified full government support.
all trusts were bad because they stifled competition.
government should support large trusts and business consolidations.

5 The Hepburn Act strengthened the authority of the Interstate Commerce Commission by?:
declaring that rate discrimination and rebates were legal.
compelling railroads to file tax reports.
declaring the use of Pinkerton detectives by the railroads null and void.
giving it the power to set maximum rates that railroads could charge.
authorizing it to issue injunctions against the railroads.

6 Which of the following statements about the presidential election of 1912 is TRUE?:
it established the Socialist party as the major third party in American politics for many years.
it weakened the progressive wing of the Republican party for many years.
it cracked the Solid South.
it made the Democratic party dominant in Northern cities.
it marked the shift of the black vote from the Republican to the Democratic party.

7 Woodrow Wilson's "New Freedom" and Theodore Roosevelt's "New Nationalism" were similar in that both?:
expanded the rights of states to regulate business operations within state borders.
removed restrictions on the rights of women and minorities.
expanded the government's role in regulating businesses and business monopolies.
removed restrictions on the rights of unions to organize within the workplace.
expanded the notion of individualism inherent in their laissez-faire economic policies.

8 In general, the women's club movement?:
played an important role in winning passage of state laws regulating conditions of housing and the workplace.
confined its activities to social and cultural activities.
seldom adopted positions on controversial public issues.
overtly challenged the prevailing assumptions about the proper role of women in society.

9 The anti-immigration movement that emerged during the progressive period was fueled by all of the following EXCEPT?:
immigrants were creating unmanageable urban problems.
unrestricted immigration was a threat to the nation's racial purity.
the new immigrants were much less assimilable than were earlier immigrants.
a completely open immigration policy was contrary to American tradition.

10 Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled "The Shame of the Cities"?:
attacked the United States Senate.
exposed the deplorable conditions of blacks in urban areas.
unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.
laid bare the practices of the stock market.

11 When Woodrow Wilson became president in 1912, the most serious shortcoming in the country's financial structure was that the?:
large banks were scattered too widely around the country.
currency was inelastic.
Bank of the United States had been greatly weakened.
banking system had been overregulated by the federal government.

12 Ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment is considered a progressive victory because by?:
providing for the direct election of United States senators, it took their election out of the hands of state legislatures.
establishing a regulatory commission for all industry, it furthered the concept of a planned economy.
providing for the income tax, it had the effect of redistributing wealth in the United States.
making the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages illegal, it furthered the progressive goal of moral purity.