Populism  (1)

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1 Which of the following did NOT contribute to the problems of farmers in the late 19c?:
lack of available land.
high interest rates.
overpopulation.
high shipping costs.
deflation.

2 During the 1860s and 1870s, the Grangers carried out all of the following activities EXCEPT?:
they established cooperatives.
they forged a political coalition with organized labor.
they supported political candidates sympathetic to the farmers' needs.
they disseminated information about new scientific agricultural techniques.

3 Which statement BEST describes many of the reforms proposed by the Populist Party?:
they were just campaign promises.
they were won through the efforts of other political parties at a later time.
they were undesirable in a democratic country.
they disappeared from public interest.

4 What was a major reason that farmers did NOT settle the Great Plains before 1860?:
they had enough good land in the East.
they had no way to stop cattle ranchers from using the Great Plains for grazing.
they did not know how to cope with the absence of water and trees.
farm families were too small to provide enough labor to plant and harvest crops on the plains.

5 One of the primary beliefs of the Farmers' Alliances was that?:
individual competition was the most efficient means of determining fair farm prices.
the ratio of gold to silver should be 18 to 1.
the railroads should be under state, not federal control.
too much power was in the hands of a few corporations and financial institutions.

6 Although historians disagree as to their interpretations of Populism, the movement was significant because?:
it was one of the few third-party movements to gain national influence.
it led to successful radical movements in the early 1900s.
the activists of the party were responsible for the success of the first McKinley administration.
it helped to elect a president at the peak of its power.

7 The basic economic motivation behind the coinage of silver was to?:
encourage reduced production of agricultural products.
ease the burden of debtors.
increase foreign trade.
encourage increased production of agricultural products.

8 During the late 19c, what was the relationship between the southern agrarian protest movement and southern attitudes toward blacks?:
some populists wanted to build an interracial movement and tried to defend the rights of blacks.
most southern populists were antiblack.
the white elite tried to inflame agrarian racism and stimulate urban black sentiment against agrarian radicalism.
all of these choices are correct.

9 The Populists' subtreasury plan called for?:
a new banking system in America.
the government to advance credit to farmers for crops stored in government storehouses.
a new system of credit for all American workers.
the government to eliminate the crop lien system in the South.

10 After the Granger laws ran into legal problems and were overturned in the case of Wabash v. Illinois, Congress attempted to provide relief through the?:
Sherman Antitrust Act.
graduated income tax.
Atlanta Compromise.
Homestead Act.
Interstate Commerce Act.