Nixon & the Imperial Presidency   (2)

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1 Richard Nixon tried to reverse certain political and social trends of the recent past. His efforts involved all of the following EXCEPT?:
strategies to discredit student protesters and other critics.
diplomatic initiatives to reduce tensions with those communist regimes that the containment policy had sought to contain.
political maneuvering to get union workers and Southerners to switch to the Republican party.
legislative efforts to expand federal government control over how states spent their allocations from federal revenues.

2 George McGovern, the Democratic nominee for the presidency in 1972, alienated the traditional working-class backbone of the Democratic party?:
by advocating a cut in Social Security.
when he advocated a continuation of the Vietnam War.
when it was discovered that he had undergone psychiatric care.
by appealing to racial minorities, feminists, and other social/political protestors.

3 The Pentagon Papers, published in 1971?:
revealed President Nixon's role in the Watergate scandal.
exposed the deception that had led the United States into the Vietnam War.
was the first the American public knew of the Nixon Doctrine.
exposed President Nixon's secret bombing war of Cambodia.

4 The Nixon Doctrine stated that the United States would?:
help to defend, by military means if necessary, the territorial integrity of any nation threatened by communism.
use force, if necessary, to ensure that Latin American nations elected honest, pro-American governments.
provide financial and moral support to nations facing communist subversion, but such nations would have to defend themselves.
work to support human rights around the globe.

5 Secretary of State Kissinger's shuttle diplomacy in the Middle East led to which of the following agreements?:
Egypt and Israel agreed to accept a United Nations peacekeeping force in the Sinai.
Israel agreed to stop building settlements in occupied lands.
the Arab states agreed to recognize Israel's existence as a nation.
Israel agreed to withdraw from Jerusalem and the West Bank.

6 President Nixon's "Vietnamization" policy sought to?:
get the Soviet Union to stop shipping military supplies to North Vietnam.
build up South Vietnamese forces to replace American troops.
rely on the United Nations to end the Vietnam War through diplomacy.
build support for the South Vietnamese government through a land redistribution program.

7 What was especially reprehensible about the Watergate affair was that?:
the President was the known leader of a burglary ring.
Democrats exaggerated the scandal and caused a lack of confidence in the political system.
it was justified by radicals in the Democratic party.
it represented subversive action against the American political process.

8 The most appropriate statement characterizing the Nixon administration's role in domestic affairs is that?:
it sustained many of the reforms of the 1960s and advanced government's role in some other areas.
it reversed the course of most of the Great Society reforms.
it outperformed the Great Society in only area--eliminating poverty.
it talked a conservative line but played a more liberal role than Kennedy or Johnson did.

9 The primary purpose of the Nixon-Kissinger policy of détente was to?:
enlarge the influence of the United Nations.
guarantee the self-determination of the Third World.
check Soviet expansion and limit the Soviet arms build-up.
elevate the international stature of America's European allies.

10 The War Powers Act of 1973 was passed mainly in response to concern that presidents Johnson and Nixon?:
could involve the nation's armed forces in combat without congressional approval.
he made treaties without informing the Senate.
Congress is not effective in dealing with a constitutional crisis.
the Supreme Court is reluctant to make decisions about matters involving the presidency.

11 The Watergate scandal led to Richard Nixon's downfall primarily because?:
of his role in planning and coordinating the Watergate break-in and other illegal campaign activity.
the press, the Democrats, and some liberal Republicans united to rid themselves of Nixon and his conservative philosophy.
he was already so unpopular because of his Vietnam War policies that virtually anything he did wrong would have been used as an excuse to remove him from office.
of his role in directing the cover-up of the Watergate Affair.
of his involvement with organized crime in carrying out political "dirty tricks" against his Democratic opponent, George McGovern.

12 The decision of the Supreme Court in the New York Times Company v. United States (1971), the Pentagon Papers case, is important because?:
it involved important officials in the U. S. government.
the Court ruled that the First Amendment prevented prior restraint of publication, even against a charge that such publication would jeopardize national security.
it was widely reported in newspapers throughout the country.
the government's attorneys lost the case in a 6 to 3 decision.