The New Deal:  Domestic Policies   (3)

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1 Which of the following statements comes closest to Franklin D. Roosevelt's meaning of the New Deal?:
It is time for a change, that will call forth abundant capital to turn the wheels of industry and activate the channels of trade.
Our policy calls for a full dinner pail for every worker. It can be best accomplished by a moderate protective tariff.
The farmer has too long been aided by federal laws. We need a new deal that favors no segment of our people but assures opportunity for all.
Capital and labor should be treated equally by government.
These times call for policies that will bring a decent standard of living to the forgotten people at the bottom of the economic pyramid.

2 In order to deal with the crisis in banking at the time of his inauguration, Franklin Roosevelt?:
drastically curtailed government spending and cut taxes.
declared a four-day "banking holiday" and prohibited the export of money.
urged Congress to pass legislation banning fractional reserve banking and holding bank trustees responsible for all deposits.
announced a multi-billion dollar federal bailout package.
announced the nationalization of all banks with over $100 million in total assets.

3 The three original programs of Social Security included all of the following EXCEPT that to?:
ensure against poverty in old age.
maintain state-operated unemployment insurance programs.
provide job security for government employees.
subsidize welfare programs of the states.

4 During the years of the Great Depression and the New Deal, Blacks?:
benefited from having a friend in the White House, Eleanor Roosevelt, who could speak and act independently in support of black goals.
did not continue to migrate to northern cities because there were no jobs.
benefited from the civil rights bills passed by Congress with Franklin Roosevelt's urging.
tended to vote for the Republican Party because the Democratic Party did not support policies beneficial to blacks.
benefited equally with whites in the programs of the New Deal because Franklin Roosevelt refused to sanction discrimination.

5 One of the loudest complaints of wealthy conservatives against the New Deal was that it?:
made it easier for minorities to take over the government.
threatened their wealth and their privileged status and moved the country toward a welfare state.
gave too much of their money to programs which benefited new immigrants.
created too much power for the Supreme Court.

6 The Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) was established?:
to organize skilled workers.
by industrialists to undermine the power of labor unions.
by President Roosevelt as one of his "alphabet agencies" to address economic problems.
to organize all workers in a particular industry, regardless of race, gender, or degree of skill.

7 Which was a factor considered by the Supreme Court in its decision in United States v. Butler (1936)?:
proper exercise of the taxing power.
violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
constitutionality of soil conservation practice.
violation of Article IV, Section 2 of the United States Constitution.
delegation of Legislative power by Congress to the Executive.

8 The fundamental failure of the New Deal was its?:
excessive reliance on deficit spending.
failure to end extensive government corruption.
inability to end unemployment.
overcentralization of power in the President.

9 Which best describes the character of post office murals painted during the Depression?:
they showed common folk from the region doing common, traditional tasks.
they glorified the worker, subtly criticizing big business.
they featured patriotic symbols to inculcate loyalty to the federal government.
they tended to idealize a better future, rather than sound themes from the past.

10 During the New Deal, blacks became strong supporters of the Democratic party because?:
most believed that Roosevelt fought aggressively for civil rights.
Roosevelt supported legislation to make lynching a federal crime.
the New Deal relief agencies included blacks as recipients.
Roosevelt tried to persuade Congress to ban the poll tax.