The New Deal:  Domestic Policies   (2)

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1 Until the 1930s, the Supreme Court objected to social legislation passed by the states to protect workers on the basis that such laws?:
made American business less competitive.
interfered with the natural order of things.
were reserved to the federal government.
interfered with the workers' right of contract.
did not contribute to the health and well-being of the citizens.

2 All of the following were achieved during the New Deal EXCEPT?:
a balanced budget.
renewed confidence in banks.
a gradual improvement in farm conditions.
a gradual acceptance of labor unions.
a reduction in unemployment.

3 The Supreme Court declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional because it?:
waived antitrust laws for cooperating businesses.
used an overbroad definition of interstate commerce.
granted public money to private corporations.
applied only to corporations not partnerships and sole proprietorships.

4 The farm policy of the New Deal was designed to?:
decrease federal involvement in agriculture.
reduce prices of farm products to aid factory workers.
enlarge farms by approving corporate mergers.
increase prices of farm products by reducing farm output.

5 The Wagner Act?:
imposed unions on agricultural workers who disliked them.
allowed labor to organize into labor unions and to act as the workers' sole bargaining agent in the workplace.
gave labor a minimum wage and retirement benefits.
did more to impose safety standards than any legislation to date.

6 All of the following are TRUE about the election of 1936 EXCEPT?:
the Republicans recognized the popularity of New Deal policies and simply asserted that they could administer them better.
Roosevelt beat Alf Landon in the most crushing victory since 1820.
third-party candidates--Socialist, Communist, and a coalition candidate for Coughlinites, Townsendites, and "Share Our Wealth" advocates--siphoned off an alarming number of Democratic votes.
the Democrats increased their already top-heavy majorities in the Senate and the House of Representatives.

7 The "Roosevelt coalition" that would allow the Democratic party to dominate politics for several decades rested on three pillars. Specifically, these included all of the following EXCEPT?:
traditional solid support in the South.
the farm vote, especially in the Plains states.
industrial workers.
city dwellers, especially blacks and white ethnics.

8 Huey Long's "Share Our Wealth" Society advocated?:
government ownership and control of all banks.
a national health insurance plan.
federal education subsidies to all families with college-age children.
a guaranteed annual income to each family.

9 The most profound and long-lasting effect of the New Deal on American politics was that?:
the increasing power of the president lessened the power of Congress.
state and local governments became the main vehicles of political power.
cultural issues became more significant to the voting public.
the power of conservative politicians was finally broken.

10 The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934?:
promoted assimilation of Indians into the American mainstream.
provided relief for the unemployed on reservations.
reversed a 50-year pattern by recognizing tribal life.
centralized administration of the reservation system in a new federal agency.