Johnson's Great Society  (2)

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1 The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?:
aroused strong opposition and a lengthy debate in Congress before being narrowly passed.
limited President Johnson to a one-time retaliatory bombing strike on the northern part of Vietnam.
was claimed by President Johnson as legal authorization for the military escalation of the U. S. role in the conflict.
marked the beginning of significant international support for the American response to communist aggression in Indochina.

2 In the 1968 presidential election, George Wallace enjoyed an unusually high degree of support for a third-party candidate because he argued that?:
the United States should immediately end its military involvement in Vietnam.
the movement toward racial equality should be accelerated through "affirmative action" programs.
programs to alleviate poverty should be fully funded by Congress and that defense spending should be cut sharply to get the money.
busing of school children for racial integration, expanding government regulations and social programs, and soft treatment of rioters and demonstrators were destroying America.

3 Supporters of the Warren Court's decisions in the 1960s believed that persons accused of crimes?:
were entitled to the full protection of the Bill of Rights.
should be treated as if they were guilty.
were treated properly by local and state police.
were the concern of state and local authorities only, not the U. S. government.

4 Lyndon Johnson's Great Society programs included all of the following EXCEPT?:
the Office of Economic Opportunity.
the Alliance for Progress.
Head Start.
Medicare.
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

5 Of the five major civil rights acts passed during the period 1957-1968, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is often regarded as the most far-reaching because?:
prior to 1965, there was no legal guarantee of the right to vote for African-Americans.
voting rights would put an end to riots and racial violence.
protection of the right to vote was regarded as a means whereby other basic rights could be secured.
Malcolm X was a strong advocate of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

6 The Democratic national convention of 1968 had a negative impact on the Democratic election campaign because?:
it resulted in the choice of Hubert Humphrey as the Democratic presidential candidate.
a majority of the delegates left before the convention adjourned.
sentiment among the delegates was strongly in favor of the renomination of Lyndon Johnson.
television viewers were alienated by fierce fighting outside the convention hall between anti-war demonstrators and Chicago police.

7 The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965?:
abolished the old quota system.
resulted in a higher percentage of foreign-born persons in the American population in 1980 than in 1910.
significantly reduced the annual rate of immigration.
discriminated against Asians and Latin Americans, especially Mexicans.

8 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 accomplished all of the following EXCEPT?:
barring racial discrimination in public hotels.
authorizing the attorney general to bring suit to desegregate the public schools.
outlawing discriminatory employment practices.
barring racial discrimination in restaurants.
outlawing literacy tests used to prevent citizens from voting.

9 Belief in the Domino Theory would most likely lead a person to support?:
federal intervention in the South to protect freedom riders and other civil rights activists.
a test ban treaty with the Soviets against further atmospheric and ocean firing of nuclear weapons.
American intervention in the war in Vietnam to prevent a Vietcong victory.
appointment of more conservative justices to the Supreme Court to prevent it from falling completely under the influence of Warren liberals.

10 Which of the following best explains why President Johnson was able to enact a sweeping program of reform legislation in 1965 and 1966?:
his proposals received overwhelming support from the public.
the congressional Republicans decided to vote for his program.
he was able to use the patriotic spirit engendered by the Vietnam War to win support for his program.
his landslide election victory had given the Democrats large majorities in Congress.