American Society:   1800 - 1860 (1)

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1 Which of the following developments did NOT occur in American society between 1815 and 1860?:
there was a decline in the importation of slaves.
an active women's rights movement took form.
the percentage of foreign-born people living in the nation declined.
temperance became a major social and political issue.
birth control became more commonplace in middle-class families.

2 The term "Cult of Domesticity" refers to?:
the idealization of women in their roles as wives and mothers during the early 19c.
an aspect of the Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, in which mainly middle-aged matrons were accused of practicing evil magic.
the Shakers, a religious sect founded by Mother Ann Lee in the 18c.
the defense given by antebellum apologists for slavery, who argued that bondage was a form of benevolent paternalism.
the Puritans' insistence on the importance of the family as the cornerstone of their social order.

3 The Know-Nothing Party?:
wanted to limit the rights of freed slaves in the South.
advocated prohibiting the teaching of evolution in the public schools.
backed the early efforts of unskilled workers to form unions.
supported the claims of farmers against the railroads.
demanded an end to immigration into the United States.

4 Large numbers of Irish immigrants came to the United States in the 1840s because of the?:
persecution of Irish Catholics in the rest of Europe.
massive failure of the potato crop in Ireland.
lure of gold in California.
civil war between North Ireland and the rest of the country.
British military aggression in Ireland.

5 All of the following were aspects of Protestantism in the United States during the period 1800-1850 EXCEPT?:
evangelism and revivalism.
the proliferation of Protestant church sects.
the founding of denominational colleges.
a growing consensus for the abolition of slavery.
the growth and spread of both foreign and domestic missionary societies.

6 The art of the Hudson River school may be described as?:
brutally realistic in its depiction of often unpleasant subjects.
concentrating on grimy scenes of everyday life in crowded New York City tenements.
classically romantic, expressing an air of wonder at the mystery of nature.
almost completely abstract.
concerned with portraiture to the exclusion of significant landscape painting.

7 Mark Twain's classic stories, such as Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, were primary examples of the ? trend in turn-of-the-century American literature:
romantic.
gothic.
fantasy.
heroic.
realistic.

8 The Lyceum movement in the United States is a term that refers to which of the following?:
the lectures on educational topics given by a series of speakers who traveled from city to city.
the founding of a series of communities based on the doctrines of utopian French socialism.
the efforts by classicists to reintroduce Latin into the public school curriculum.
the Greek Revival in architecture in New England.
the movement to support the Greek war of independence of 1820-1830.

9 Horace Mann championed which of the following educational reforms?:
gradeless, open-concept schools.
local curricular decisions.
private funding and control.
professional teacher training.
all of these choices are correct.

10 The cultural nationalism of American intellectuals of the 1800s generally?:
was based on the autocratic political systems of Europe.
celebrated the uniqueness of the American democratic spirit.
paid tribute to the superiority of the British in all artistic matters.
copied extensively the elitist values of Old World regimes.

11 The role of the ideal woman in antebellum America was to?:
create a clean and wholesome home for family life.
perform complementary tasks in the family's struggle to get ahead.
produce vital goods or earn money necessary for the family's subsistence.
pursue a rewarding and professional career.

12 The doctrine of "separate spheres" suggested that?:
children and parents should not mingle socially throughout the day, but gather only together at the dinner table.
moral issues were to be determined by the church, while economic issues were to be determined by the family.
men were superior in worldly pursuits, and women were superior for their moral influence.
none of these choices are correct.