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bullet 20th Century South Africa
bullet Ahmed Ben Bella - Profiles
bullet African History Links by Region
bullet African Independence (BBC)   -   timeline
bullet The African National Congress Official Web Site
bullet "African Socialism" - lecture (Wallace Mills - St. Mary's University, Canada)
bullet African Union
bullet African Voices:  Africa's History
bullet Archbishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu
bullet Biafra War
bullet "Biafra: Thirty Years On" - BBC News (1-13-00)
bullet The Biafran War - Postcolonial Web
bullet "A Bridge to Africa" (CNN Special Report)
bullet The Case of Nigeria - Corporate Oil and Tribal Blood by Oronto ...
bullet Chinua Achebe
bullet Computers and the Apartheid Regime in South Africa
bullet Contemporary African Data Base
bullet Creation of the O. A. U.
bullet "The Decline and End of Apartheid" - lecture (Wallace Mills - St. Mary's University, Canada)
bullet Dr. Kenneth D. Kaunda - Founding President of Zambia
bullet Facts On Frederik Willem de Klerk
bullet "The Growth of Negritude as a Movement" - essay by Nick Nesbitt
bullet History of South Africa:  Late 19c - 20c - timeline
bullet June 16th Student Uprising in Soweto
bullet List of Apartheid Legislation in South Africa
bullet The Mandela Page
bullet MAP-->"Africa in 1990"
bullet MAP-->"The Decline of Colonialism After World War II"
bullet "Mau Mau - Messengers of Misery" - essay by Mark Warwick
bullet Mzabalazo - A History of the African National Congress Party

bullet

"Nationalist and Independence Movements in British Colonies" - lecture (Wallace Mills - St. Mary's University, Canada)
bullet Nelson Mandela - biography
bullet Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela - biography
bullet NewAfrica.com - history & current issues in each African country
bullet Ngwazi Dr. H. Kamuzu Banda - Founding President of Malawi
bullet Nigeria - Chronology Of The Struggle For Stability And Democracy
bullet Nigeria Nexus
bullet "Origins and Development of South African Nationalism" - lecture (Wallace Mills - St. Mary's University, Canada)
bullet The Republic of South Africa: Political and Social Contexts Overview
bullet A Review of the 20th Century in Africa - timeline with links
bullet South Africa - timeline
bullet South African Who's Who in Politics
bullet "South African Politics:  An Online Introduction" by Allison Drew (Department of Politics
University of York, UK)
bullet South African Politics, Culture & Society Internet Resources
bullet Soweto
bullet Tutu and Franklin- A Journey Towards Peace (PBS)
bullet

The United Nations, India and South Africa's Liberation Struggle: A Collection of Articles by E. S. Reddy, former Director of the United Nations Centre against Apartheid

bullet Zimbabwe: Political and Social Contexts Overview Since Independence

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bullet African Independence Timeline
bullet African Posters from the Melville J. Herskovits Library at Northwestern University
bullet 1890s-present:  Historical Documents of the African National Congress
bullet mid-20?:  I Speak of Freedom - Kwame Nkrumah
bullet mid-20?:  Mau Mau's Daughter - Wambui Otieno
bullet 1945:  Pan-African Congress 1945 Declaration
bullet 1950:  Hendrik Verwoerd Address to the Native Representavie Council, Johannesburg, S. A.
bullet 1952:  Jomo Kenyatta - The Kenya Africa Union is Not the Mau Mau
bullet 1953:  The Case FOR Apartheid - speech by A. L. Geyer
bullet 1953:  Presidential address to the ANC (Transvaal Branch) - Nelson Mandela
bullet 1955:  Freedom Charter, adopted by the Congress of the People, South Africa (6/26)
bullet 1957-63:  Kwame Nkrumah's Vision of Africa - excerpts from his speeches
bullet 1958:  First Conference of Independent African States (3rd. doc. down the page)
bullet 1960-1990:  Pamphlets, newspapers and transcripts of radio broadcasts - distributed inside South Africa by underground structures or radio during the thirty years that the ANC was banned
bullet 1961:  "I Speak of Freedom" - Kwame Nkrumah
bullet 1961:  Umkhonto we Sizwe (Military wing of the African National Congress) - We are at War!
bullet 1962:  Speech made by H.E. Ato Ketema Yifru at the Pan-African Freedom Movement For East, Central and Southern Africa (PAFMECA) Conference. Addis Ababa,  February 2 - 10
bullet 1963:  Charter of the Organization of African Unity
bullet 1963:  Speech made by H.E. Ato Ketema Yifru at the opening of the Preparatory Conference of Foreign Ministers, May 15
bullet 1964:  Mr. Oliver Tambo's  Letter to Emperor Haile Selassie (7/14)
bullet 1967:  The ARUSHA Declaration (toward the end of the page)
bullet 1967:  Proclamation of the Republic of Biafra, May 30
bullet 1969:  Pan-African Cultural Manifesto (4th. doc. down the page)
bullet 1971:  The Autobiography of an Unknown South African - Naboth Mokgatle (at the bottom of the page)
bullet 1976:  The Afrikaans Medium Decree
bullet 1980:  "The Effects of Apartheid on on the Status of Women in South Africa" - Extracts from paper prepared by the Secretariat for the World Conference of the United Nations Decade for Women, Copenhagen, July
bullet 1982:  “Bill of Rights” issued by the Ogoni people of Nigeria
bullet 1984:  The Question of South Africa - Archbishop Desmond Tutu
bullet 1990:  African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Ratification and Enforcement) Act -  Chapter 10 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria
bullet 1990:  "S. Africa Lifts Ban on ANC, Other Groups" - David B. Ottaway, Washington Post Foreign Service (Saturday, February 3)
bullet 1992:  Letter from Nelson Mandela to F. W. De Klerk (7-9)
bullet 1992:  Letter to Nelson Mandela from F. W. De Klerk (7-2)
bullet 1994:  Long Walk to Freedom - Nelson Mandela's autobiography - excerpts
bullet 1994:  Nelson Mandela- Inaugural Address
bullet late-20?:  A Man of the People - Chinua Achebe

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