• TB --> pp. 206 - 211.
  • DOC --> Chapter 12, selections 5 and 6.                      



  • To describe the practices which weakened the power of the Merovingian kings.
  • To discuss the role of the Mayor of the Palace.
  • To demonstrate how the Frankish king and the Pope depended on each other.
  • To explain the importance of the Battle of Tours for Western Europe.
  • To describe how the Frankish kings gained some spiritual power and how the Pope became a political ruler.
  • To explain how Charlemagne expanded the Frankish empire and revived learning in early medieval Western Europe.
  • To list and analyze the consequences of the Pope crowning Charlemagne Augustus in 800.
  • To explain how central authority broke down in the years following Charlemagne's death.



  Merovingians   Mayor of the Palace     Charles Martel   Pepin the Short
  Battle of Tours   Charlemagne   Carolingians   missi dominici
  Alcuin   illuminated manuscripts   Carolingian miniscule   Treaty of Verdun
  Papal States

  Be able to find and identify the following on a   
  map of Europe:
  • Holy Roman Empire
  • Aachen
  • Papal States
  • Kingdom of Lombardy
  • Sicily
  • Sardinia
  • Corsica
  • Francia
  • England
  • Spanish March
  • Muslim Caliphate in Spain
  • Danube River
  • Mediterranean Sea



Multiple Choice