The Enlightenment
Match the items on the right with the items on the left:
A British philosopher, whose ideas on natural law was adopted to create the Declaration of Independence.
After referred to as the "informal international community of philosophes." These publications included the work of such philosophes as Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Diderot.
I wrote the "Spirit of Laws" in 1748 which applied the principles of observation, experimentation, and analysis.
A popular belief among philosophers of the Enlightenment in which they believed that God set the world in motion according to his laws of nature and left knowledge and progress to the action of man.
This 18c philosopher said, "Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence." This became the motto of the Enlightenment.
I based my beliefs on Locke's philosophy of natural law, to justify the colonies break with Britain.
I served as the principal editor of the 38 volume encyclopedia.
The belief that a community should unite to look for the good of the whole, which was adopted by the French National Assembly in 1789 in the creation of the "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen."
In "On Crime and Punishment", I stated that we are innocent until convicted, that the punishment should fit the crime.
His graphic works portrayed the everyday life in London. His most famous sketch "Gin Lane" portrayed the effects of alcohol on the poor in 18c England.
A brilliant composer of the 18c who composed "Fur Elise" and Moonlight Sonata"
Most prevalent in Paris, people came in these private homes for sociability and discussion run by upper-class women.
I wrote "Common Sense" in 1776, which was an appeal for American Independence based on Enlightenment principles
They believed that the primary role of government was to protect the property and to permit its owners to use it freely. They particularly felt economic production depended on sound agriculture.
I believed that economic liberty was the foundation of a natural economic system. I felt that the economy should be based on the forces of supply and demand.
According to this philosophe, religious toleration was a primary social condition for the virtuous life.
This new artistic style of the 18c used elements drawn from nature such as birds and flowers to replace religious objects in art.
I based my writing on the belief that human nature, which was originally good was corrupted by society.
Influenced by Montesquieu's "Spirit of Laws" this 18c ruler established the Charter of Nobility of 1785 which gave nobility security of their property, the right to hold serfs and the immunity from arrest.
In this writing, Rousseau imagined a social reform in which the individual surrenders his or her natural rights to the general will in order to find order and security in society.
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