INTELLECTUAL HISTORY (I)


Choose the correct word for each question.

This medieval philosophy emphasized a study of the sciences, theology, and professional training in the law and medicine.
He was the favorite classical author of Renaissance scholars.
I think; therefore I am!
He believed that the sun revolved around the earth.
He wrote The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy in which he presented his "Law of Gravitation."
He discovered the "Laws of Planetary Motion."
I completely disagree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.
God created two kinds of fundamental realities in the world -- "thinking substance" and the "extended substance."
He built the first mechanical "calculating machine" and felt that there was danger in the surrender of traditional religious beliefs. Reason would bring man to faith and dependence on divine grace.
Copernicus believed in this "sun-centered" theory of the universe.
He believed that: knowledge + power = progress.
Intellectual critics of the Ancien Regime.
He wrote Leviathan, in which he supported divine-right monarchy in return for peace and law and order.
He was the first to publish his "Laws of Falling Bodies."
He was the "Father of Utilitarianism" which emphasized "the greatest good for the greatest number."
In Two Treatises of Government, he proposed that all men, living in a state of nature, possessed certain natural rights of life, liberty, and property.
He believed in a higher reality of the Noumena and the Phenomena.
He believed in the separation of powers into different branches of government.
In his book, Essays on Crimes and Punishment, he formulated new laws of justice based on deterrence.
This Enlightenment philosophe espoused the "right of rebellion" against any government which breaks the Social Contract.
This document gave all French citizens equality under the law.
He wrote The Prince.

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