TIMELINE OF IMPERIALISM

 

1756 French and Indian War>>Britain vs. France for control over India; fought on 3 continent
Early 1800s Britain arrives control of Cape Colony
1807 Britain outlaws slavery and slave trade
1815 British declare formal control of Cape Colony and increase British immigration in South Africa. Despite government resistance, Boers began to move inland in search of better land and, after 1815, to escape control by the British government.
1820 France, Portugal, and Spain outlaw slavery
1818-1828 Shaka, Zulu chief, unifies Nguni peoples and forges an impressive fighting force, launching the mfecane (wars of crushing and wandering) against neighboring black Africans and white Europeans througho ut southern Africa. (Learn more about Shaka and his descendant King Goodwill Zwelethini.) Shaka was assassinated in 1828, but Zulu power continued to rise (see Zulu culture).
1830-1834 "Great Trek" of Dutch-descent Boers north to lands across Orange River into Natal, South Africa, occupied by southern Nguni peoples; white Boer republics of Orange Free State and Transvaal established in 1850s.
1839-1842 Amistad Revolt
1853 Commodore Perry opens up Japanese ports
1854 Treaty of Kanagawa>>U.S. and Japan; Japan opens up its ports
1857 Sepoy Massacre
1865 U.S. outlaws slavery
1870-1914 European countries control all of Africa except Liberia and Ethiopia
1876 Queen Victoria is named Empress of India
1879 Europeans "partition" West Africa (to 1890s).
1882 British takeover of Egypt
1884-1885 The Berlin Conference: Intense rivalries among Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, and Portugal for additional African territory, and the ill-defined boundaries of their various holdings
1885 Indian National Congress is formed
1890s Europeans "partition" East Africa.

1896

Ethiopians under Emperor Menelik II were successful in resisting European conquest, annihilating Italians at the Battle of Adwa (or Aduwa). By 1 914, only Liberia in the west and Ethiopia in the east remained independent of European colonial control.
1899-1902 Anglo-Boer War in South Africa: While British "win" the war, they must make concessions to Afrikaner (Boer) political organizations for int ernal control of South Africa, opening path for Afrikaners to free themselves eventually of British domination and, in turn, dominate the black African majority in South Africa

1910

South Africa is established as a independent country

1935

India got limited self-government

1952

Nasser and Egypt overthrow British rule

1957

Ghana gets its independence

1976

Soweto Massacre

 

AP EURO MAIN PAGE

MY MAIN PAGE

DBQ

CHRONOLOGY

GLOSSARY

QUIZ

LINKS