• Textbook --> pp. 224 - 228.
  1. What was revivalism?
  2. How was the Second Great Awakening the second major example of popular religion revolt in American history?
  3. How did the Unitarians' approach to the religious experience different from the revivalists' approach?
  4. What is the connection between religious revivalism and early 19c democratic political ideals?
  5. What is Evangelical Christianity?
  6. Explain the special appeal of Evangelical Christianity to women and African Americans in the 19c.
  7. List the characteristics of the philosophical and literary movement known as Transcendentalism.
  8. Identify some of the major transcendentalist writers of the early 19c.
  9. In what way did Thoreau's experience at "Walden" reflect transcendentalist beliefs?
  10. Identify the sources of opposition to public education and explain the issues that defined that opposition.
  11. Analyze Horace Mann's significance in the area of educational reform in the 19c.
  12. What role did The McGuffey Reader play in educating generations of American children?
  13. Explain the role of northern middle class women, like Dorothea Dix, in early 19c social reform movements.
  14. Define the term utopian socialism and identify the major examples of American experimentation with utopian communities during the early 19c.
  15. Why might the idea of utopian communities appeal to the transcendentalists?
   *  Second Great Awakening    *  Henry David Thoreau
   *  Charles Finney    *  Walden
   *  revivalism    *  Horace Mann
   *  Evangelical Christianity    *  William H. McGuffey
   *  Unitarianism    *  Dorothea Dix
   *  William Ellery Channing    *  utopia
   *  African Methodist Episcopal
   *  utopian socialism
   *  Richard Allen    *  communitarianism
   *  Romanticism    *  Brook Farm, MA
   *  Transcendentalism    *  New Harmony, IN
   *  Ralph Waldo Emerson    *  George Ripley
   *  Hudson River School of
   *  Shakers


  • Textbook --> pp. 229 - 234.
  1. Create a CHART and summarize the key abolitionist beliefs of William Lloyd Garrison, David Walker, and Frederick Douglass.
  2. What were the working and living conditions and experiences of rural and urban slaves.
  3. Analyze the similarities and differences between the situations of free blacks in the North and slaves in the South.
  4. What steps did Southern whites take to suppress slave revolts?
  5. How did Nat Turner's revolt harden Southern white attitudes about privileges for blacks?
  6. What were the major points of the pro-slavery argument?
  7. What was the purpose of the "gag rule" in Congress?
  8. Explain the impact of religion on the institution of slavery and the impact of slavery on religious institutions.
   *  American Colonization Society    *  Frederick Douglass
   *  abolitionism    *  "The North Star"
   *  William Lloyd Garrison    *  slave codes
   *  "The Liberator"    *  Nat Turner
   *  emancipation    *  Antebellum
   *  American Anti-Slave Society    *  vigilance committees
   *  David Walker    *  George Fitzhugh
   *  Appeal to the Colored Citizens
           of the World
   *  gag rule


  • Textbook --> pp. 235 - 239.
  1. What were the main problems faced by women in mid-19c America?
  2. What was the "Cult of Domesticity?"  How was it connected to the role of women in American reform movements during the early 19c?
  3. Explain the unique role of the Grimke Sisters in the abolitionist movement.
  4. What was the origin of the temperance movement?  What was the nature of American drinking habits in the early 19c?
  5. Why were women especially concerned about imposing temperance on 19c American society?
  6. What gains did women make in education in the 1820s and 1830s?  Why were these gains not extended to African-American women?
  7. What role did women play in early health reform?
  8. What were the basic ideas asserted in the Seneca Falls "Declaration of Sentiments?"
  9. Explain the historical significance of the Seneca Falls Convention.
  10. How did the Seneca Falls Convention differ from the World's Anti-Slavery Convention held in the 1840s?
   *  Elizabeth Cady Stanton    *  Prudence Crandall
   *  Lucretia Mott    *  Elizabeth Blackwell
   *  "Cult of Domesticity"    *  Catherine Beecher
   *  Sarah & Angelina Grimke    *  Amelia Bloomer
   *  Appeal to Christian Women of 
             the South
   *  Louisa May Alcott
   *  Mary C. Vaughan    *  Margaret Fuller
   *  Lyman Beecher    *  Woman in the Nineteenth
   *  American Temperance Society    *  Susan B. Anthony
   *  Letters on the Equality of the
             Sexes and the Condition of
   *  Seneca Falls Convention
   *  Emma Willard    *  Seneca Falls "Declaration of
   *  domestic sciences    *  Sojourner Truth
   *  Oberlin College    


  • Textbook --> pp. 240 - 245.
  1. What was the putting-out system and why is it so often considered the first step in industrialization?
  2. What were the traditions of artisanal manufacturing [include the roles played by apprentices, journeymen, and master craftsmen]?
  3. Identify some of the social and cultural changes that took place when a worker moved from farm work to factory work.
  4. How did factory production change American manufacturing?
  5. What factors contributed to the worsening conditions workers endured at Lowell beginning in the 1830s?
  6. Why did most of the early strikes fail?
  7. If you were working in a factory during the mid-1800s, would you be a striker or a strike-breaker?  Support your choice with specific reasons.
  8. How did the influx of new immigrants from Germany and Ireland during this period affect circumstances in the workplace?
  9. Why was the national trade-union movement important?
   *  putting-out system    *  Great Irish Potato Famine
   *  Lowell System    *  National Trades' Union
   *  Sarah Bagley    *  Commonwealth v. Hunt [1842]

e-mailbig.gif (11163 bytes)