1. What contribution to the American system of manufacturing did Eli Whitney make in the late 1790s?
  2. What effects did the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812 have on Americans involved in shipping and foreign trade in the early 19c?
  3. Why did manufacturing develop early in the 19c in New England?
  4. Identify and describe the working and living conditions of the "Lowell Girls."
  5. Create a CHART comparing the characteristics of agriculture in the North with that in the South during the early 19c.
  6. Why did slavery become entrenched in the South by the 1820s?
  7. What were the three major components of the "American System?"  How was it expected to unite the nation's economic interests?
  8. Why were tariffs proposed by President Madison and promoted by Henry Clay?
  9. How were the views of Northeasterners and Southerners and Westerners different on the tariff issue?  Why the differences?
  10. Why was the Second Bank of the United States created?
  11. Describe the contributions of canals and steamboats to the improvement of water transportation in the U. S. during the early 19c.
  12. Why was the period of President Monroe's administration known as the "Era of Good Feelings?"
   *  Eli Whitney    *  Henry Clay
   *  mass production    *  American System
   *  interchangeable parts    *  Second National Bank
   *  Industrial Revolution    *  Tariff of 1816
   *  Samuel Slater    *  National Road
   *  Francis Cabot Lowell    *  Erie Canal
   *  Waltham system    *  James Monroe
   *  "Cotton is King!"    *  "Era of Good Feelings"


  • Textbook --> pp. 204 - 208.
  1. Create a CHART and analyze each of the four major Supreme Court cases listed above in the "Terms" section.  Identify the circumstances of each case, the Supreme Court ruling, and the legal/political implications of the ruling.
  2. How did the Marshall Court support and increase the power of the federal government and reflect judicial nationalism?
  3. Describe the foreign ministry of John Quincy Adams and identify the three treaties negotiated by Adams that promoted diplomatic nationalism.
  4. Why did Spain, Portugal, and Russia pose a major concern for American policy-makers in the early 1820s?
  5. Why did President Monroe issue the Monroe Doctrine in 1823?  What was its historical significance?
  6. Explain the impact of the Panic of 1819 on economic,  political, and regional unity in the United States.
  7. How did expansion westward cause a political crisis over the issue of slavery after the War of 1812?
  8. What were the provisions of the Missouri Compromise?
  9. How did the enactment of the Missouri Compromise set the stage for the 19c debate of slavery?
   *  Robert Fulton    *  The power to tax is the power
          to destroy
   *  Robert Livingston    *  John Quincy Adams
   *  Clermont    *  Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
   *  monopoly    *  Panic of 1819
   *  Fletcher v. Peck (1810)    *  James Monroe
   *  McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)    *  Monroe Doctrine
   *  Dartmouth College v.
   *  mountain man
   *  Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)    *  Missouri Compromise
   *  Tallmadge Amendment    *  "The Great Compromiser"


  • Textbook --> pp. 209 -213.
  1. Explain how the election of 1824 signaled the end of the "Era of Good Feelings."  Why was it called the "Corrupt Bargain?"
  2. Describe the personal background of Andrew Jackson and identify which aspects of that background would be most appealing to Americans of the early 19c?
  3. If you were a U. S. citizen voting in the 1828 presidential election, for whom would you cast your ballot--John Quincy Adams or Andrew Jackson?  Explain your choice. 
  4. What was the spoils system?  Why did Jackson initiate it at the beginning of his first term?
  5. Describe the changes that took place in the style of political campaigning during the early 19c.  What connection did these changes have to the democratization of the American political system during the early 19c?
  6. Why did Jackson think that Native Americans should be moved west of the Mississippi?
  7. Describe the legal tensions between Native Americans and the state of Georgia in the 1830s.
  8. What were the provisions of Indian Removal Act of 1830?
  9. Describe the "Trail of Tears" as an example of the Indian removal policy implemented by the United States government during the Jackson administration.
   *  "Corrupt Bargain"    *  Peggy Eaton Affair
   *  Democratic-Republicans    *  Five "Civilized" Tribes
   *  Rachel Jackson    *  Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
   *  "Old Hickory"    *  Indian Removal Act (1830)
   *  spoils system    *  General Winfield Scott
   *  "Kitchen Cabinet"    *  "Trail of Tears"


  • Textbook --> pp. 214 - 219.
  1. Why did South Carolinians refer to the Tariff of 1828 as the "Tariff of Abomination?"
  2. What was John C. Calhoun's nullification theory as set forth in "The South Carolina Exposition"?
  3. What were the views of Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Senator Robert Hayne of South Carolina and they debated each?
  4. How was the nullification theory an expression of states' rights?
  5. What were Jackson's and Calhoun's differing opinions on states' rights versus federal power?
  6. How did South Carolina, as representative of southern sentiment, react to the 1832 Tariff?  
  7. What was Andrew Jackson's response to South Carolina?
  8. Why did Jackson attack the Second National Bank?
  9. Why was the Whig Party created?  What groups joined it?
  10. What caused the Panic of 1837?
  11. How did Jackson's actions contribute greatly to the Panic of 1837?
  12. How was William Henry Harrison's campaign similar to Jackson's first campaign, even though Harrison was a Whig and Jackson a Democrat?
  13. Why was John Tyler nicknamed "His Accidency?"
  14. In what ways did Jackson influence the political process long after he left the White House?
   *  Daniel Webster    *  pet banks
   *  John C. Calhoun    *  "King Andrew"
   *  "Tariff of Abomination" (1828)    *  Whig Party
   *  nullification theory    *  Martin Van Buren
   *  "The South Carolina
   *  O. K.
   *  Webster-Hayne Debate    *  Specie Circular
   *  Our Union:  It must be
   *  Panic of 1837
   *  Our Union, next to our liberty,
          most dear!
   *  "Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too!"
   *  Force Bill (1833)    *  "Hard Cider" campaign
   *  Nicholas Biddle    *  John Tyler
   *  Treasury system    *  "His Accidency"
   *  wildcat banks

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