• Textbook --> pp. 126 - 131.
  • Articles of Confederation.
  1. What were the two views of republicanism?  How were they different?  How were they alike?
  2. What were the similarities and differences in the various state constitutions that were created at the end of the Revolutionary War?
  3. Why do you think that the states guaranteed the specific rights of freedom of speech, religion, and the press?
  4. Identify the three major questions that the members of the Continental Congress had to address when creating a new national government.
  5. What were the problems inherent in these questions?
  6. List the powers given to the Article of Confederation government.  What were its shortcomings?
  7. What was the difference between the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
  8. List the three requirements or stages for a territory to become a state.
  9. What foreign relations problems did the Confederation Congress face at the end of the 1780s?
   *  John Dickinson    *  Articles of Confederation
   *  republic    *  Land Ordinance of 1785
   *  Republicanism    *  Northwest Ordinance of 1787
   *  Republican Motherhood    


  • Textbook --> pp. 132 - 136.
  • The United States Constitution -- textbook --> pp. 146 - 165.
  1. What were the causes of Shays' Rebellion?
  2. Why do you think historians consider it a catalyst in the movement toward creating a new U. S. Constitution?
  3. What were the socio-economic backgrounds of the framers of the U. S. Constitution?
  4. Do you feel that there was a connection between their status and the eventual content and emphasis of the Constitution that emerged in 1787?  If so, what was it?
  5. What were the major issues that had to be resolved at the Constitutional Convention?
  6. Create a CHART that lists the main provisions of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan.
  7. What was the impact of slavery and sectionalism in the debates that ensued at the Constitutional Convention?
  8. Explain the meaning of the term "checks and balances."  Are there any instances where a branch of government has no checks and balances on its power?
  9. Why do you think that many people today feel that the electoral college has long since become antiquated or completely unnecessary?
  10. Why is the U. S. Constitution called "a living document?"
We will read and go over the entire U. S. Constitution (pp. 146 - 157).  As we do, you are to answer the ten questions on page 168 under the section heading "Reviewing the Constitution."
   *  Daniel Shays    *  separation of powers
   *  Shays' Rebellion    *  checks and balances
   *  James Madison    *  electoral college
   *  Roger Sherman    *  elastic clause
   *  Virginia Plan    *  veto power
   *  New Jersey Plan    *  writ of habeas corpus
   *  Great Compromise    *  bill of attainder
   *  Three-Fifths Compromise    *  ex post facto law
   *  delegated (enumerated)
   *  judicial review
   *  reserved powers


  • Textbook --> pp. 137 - 141.
  • The Bill of Rights -- textbook --> pp. 158 - 159.
  1. Fill in the CHART comparing and contrasting the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.
  2. Why did the Anti-Federalists demand the creation of a national bill of rights?
  3. How did the adoption of the Bill of Rights show the flexibility of the Constitution?
  4. Summarize the rights and freedoms that are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.
  5. Which rights are still sources of controversy today?
  6. Why do you think the Anti-Federalists failed in their efforts to prevent the ratification of the U. S. Constitution?
  7. What were the requirements for the ratification of the U. S. Constitution?
  8. Why do you think that James Madison was nicknamed "The Father of the U. S. Constitution?"
You are to read the Bill of Rights (pp. 158 - 159) and answer the last five questions (#11 - 15) on page 168 under the section heading "Reviewing the Constitution."
   *  federalism    *  Publius
   *  ratification    *  Letters From the Federal
   *  Federalists    *  loose constructionists
   *  Anti-Federalists    *  strict constructionists
   *  The Federalist Papers    *  Bill of Rights


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