• Textbook --> pp. 94 - 98.
  1. What were some of the changes made in British taxation of the American colonies after the French and Indian War?
  2. What were the provisions of the Stamp Act?  Why was this law distinctive from the other laws passed during the Grenville administration?
  3. Describe the legal, financial, and social factors connected to the American resistance to the Stamp Act?
  4. How did the issuance of writs of assistance contribute to the constitutional conflict over the Stamp Act in Massachusetts?
  5. Why did Americans resist the trade tax imposed on them by the Townsend Acts even though it was an external tax?
  6. Explain the meaning of the "propaganda" and use the Boston Massacre as an example of the employment of propaganda by patriots in Boston.
  7. What were the causes of the Boston Tea Party?
  8. What did King George set out to achieve when he disciplined Massachusetts?
  9. What were the major issues addressed by the First Continental Congress?
  10. Why were the opening shots fired by the Minutemen at Lexington and Concord referred to as the shots heard 'round the world
   *  Stamp Act (1765)    *  Committees of
   *  Samuel Adams    *  Tea Act (1773)
   *  Sons of Liberty    *  Boston Tea Party
   *  Patrick Henry    *  Intolerable Acts (1774)
   *  Declaratory Act (1766)    *  quartering of troops
   *  Townsend Acts (1767)    *  martial law
   *  spinning bees    *  First Continental Congress
   *  Crispus Attucks    *  Minutemen
   *  Boston Massacre    *  "shot heard 'round the world"


  • Textbook --> pp. 99 - 103.
  • Declaration of Independence --> textbook, pp. 104 - 106.
  1. Identify the various political factions present at the Second Continental Congress.
  2. What was the significance of the Battle of Bunker/Breed's Hill?
  3. What was the Olive Branch petition and what was King George III's response to it?
  4. Describe the role of Thomas Paine in the American Revolution and explain the impact of his pamphlet, Common Sense, on the American movement toward independence.
  5. What reasons did Thomas Jefferson give to justify revolt by the colonies?
  6. Explain the connection between John Locke's contract theory of government and Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence.
  7. Why do you think that when Jefferson borrowed Locke's ideas, he changed the rights of man from life, liberty, and property to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness?
  8. Which groups in colonial America tended to be Loyalists and which tended to be Patriots?
  9. How did the Loyalists thinking differ from that of the Patriots?
  10. On whose side did the following groups fight and why -- African slaves, Quakers, Native Americans?
   *  Second Continental Congress    *  social contract theory
   *  General Thomas Gage    *  Thomas Jefferson
   *  Bunker/Breed's Hill    *  Declaration of Independence
   *  Olive Branch Petition    *  unalienable rights
   *  Thomas Paine    *  Patriots
   *  Common Sense    *  Loyalists
   *  John Locke    *  These are the times that try
             men's souls.


  • Textbook --> pp. 107 - 111.
  1. Explain the challenges faced by George Washington in transforming the Continental Army of the professional military troops.
  2. What were the key strengths and weaknesses of the British and American armies at the beginning of the Revolution?
  3. Why were the victories at Trenton and Princeton so important to the Continental Army?
  4. Why was the Battle of Saratoga considered a "turning point" in the Revolutionary War?
  5. What were France's motives for entering into the Franco-American alliance in 1778?
  6. How did the Franco-American alliance turn the American Revolution into a world war?
  7. What were the conditions endured by Washington and the Continental Army during the winter at Valley Forge?
  8. What economic problems did the Americans face in financing the Revolutionary War?
  9. Describe the role of women in the military and in civilian life during the American Revolution.
  10. If you were a woman civilian during the beginning of the American Revolution, what problem caused by the war, do you think, would affect you the most?
  11. What role did African-Americans and Native Americans play in the American Revolution?
   *  Battle of Trenton    *  General Horatio Gates
   *  Battle of Princeton    *  Battle of Saratoga
   *  Hessians    *  Valley Forge, PA
   *  "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne    *  not worth a Continental!
   *  Fort Ticonderoga    *  profiteering
   *  Ethan Allen    *  Margaret Corbin
   *  Green Mountain Boys    *  Mary Ludwig Hays ["Molly


  • Textbook --> pp. 112 - 117.
  1. What role did Baron von Steuben and the Marquis de Lafayette play in the American Revolution?
  2. Why has Benedict Arnold become infamous in American history?
  3. Why did the French help the Americans in the last years of the Revolutionary War?
  4. What was the British strategy in the South?
  5. Why did it ultimately backfire?
  6. Identify the French, British, and Spanish agendas at the Paris Peace Conference in 1782.
  7. What was the American negotiators agenda in Paris?
  8. What were the final provisions of the Treaty of Paris, 1783?
  9. What provisions of the Treaty promised to create future troubles for the new nation?
  10. What happened to the Loyalists who had supported the British Crown during the American Revolution?
  11. Why did the belief in egalitarianism rise after the American Revolution?
  12. Discuss the position of slaves, women, and Native Americans in the new American republic.
  13. What were the major political, economic, and social challenges facing the new nation?
   *  Friedrich von Steuben    *  Benedict Arnold
   *  Marquis de Lafayette    *  Treaty of Paris (1783)
   *  General Charles Cornwallis    *  egalitarianism
   *  General Nathanael Greene    *  Novus Ordo Seclorum
   *  Battle of Yorktown   


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