• Textbook --> pp. 66 - 70.
 
  1. Explain the concept of mercantilism and list its major objectives.
  2. List the major colonial imports.
  3. Identify the chief restrictions placed on colonial trade by the British Parliament when it passed the Navigation Acts.
  4. How did this legislation promote Britain's mercantilist policy?
  5. Why was the Dominion of New England formed and what caused its collapse?
  6. What is meant by the term "Salutary Neglect" to describe Britain's colonial policy in the early 18c?
  7. During this period, how did the structure of most colonial governments foster a taste for self-government on the part of the British colonies? 
 
   *  mercantilism    *  Sir Edmund Andros
   *  favorable balance of trade    *  Glorious Revolution
   *  Navigation Acts    *  Era of "Salutary Neglect"
   *  Dominion of New England    *  "power of the purse"

 



 
 
  1. Why did plantations develop rather than towns in the South during the late 17c and early 18c?
  2. Create a CHART that shows the five-tiered social order of Southern colonial society.
  3. What difficulties did women and indentured servants face in colonial Southern society?
  4. Why did the English colonists revert to African slavery to fill their depleted labor force?
  5. Describe the characteristics of slave life in the 18c South.  In what ways was slavery a brutal system?
  6. How did the emergence of slavery change race relations between Africans and British colonists?
  7. Explain the nature of the slave codes which began to appear in the British colonies by the 18c.
  8. How did slaves maintain their African culture while in slavery?
  9. Discuss some examples of both non-violent and violent resistance to slavery in the colonial South.
 
   *  cash crop    *  "coffin" position
   *  Triangle Trade    *  Slave Codes
   *  Middle Passage    *  Stono Rebellion

 



 
  • Textbook --> pp. 77 - 82.
      
  1. Briefly describe the diverse agricultural and commercial economy that developed in New England and the Middle colonies.
  2. Identify the characteristics of 18c colonial urban centers.
  3. List the various groups of Europeans who immigrated to the American colonies during the 18c.  How did these groups add to the complexity and diversity of the American colonial population? 
  4. What were the positive and negative effects of the growing ethnic diversity in the colonies?
  5. Why were there fewer slaves in the North than in the South in the 18c?
  6. How was the status of Northern slaves different from that of Southern slaves?  How was it the same?    of Northern women?
  7. What were some of the reasons for the Salem witch hunts of 1692?
  8. What were the major philosophical ideas of the Enlightenment?
  9. How was Benjamin Franklin an example of this new "Enlightenment Man?"
  10. What effect did the Enlightenment have on political thought in the colonies?
  11. How do you think a person who believed in the ideas of the Enlightenment might have assessed the Salem witchcraft trials?
  12. What had happened to the state of Puritanism by the early 18c?
  13. What were the characteristics and goals of the Great Awakening?
  14. What were the immediate and long-term affects of this religious revival movement on organized religion in the colonies?
  15. How were the ideas and characteristics of the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment very different and yet how were their long-term consequences for the political and intellectual development of the colonies very similar?
  16. What were the positive and negative trends which emerged in the Northern colonies in the 18c that still affect the United States today?
 
   *  the Enlightenment    *  Jonathan Edwards
   *  Benjamin Franklin    *  revival meeting
   *  the Great Awakening

 



 
  • Textbook --> pp. 83 - 89.
     
  1. How was the French Empire in North America unlike the British Empire there?
  2. Describe the French movement into the Mississippi Valley and connect that development to the future French and Indian War.
  3. What were the causes of the French and Indian War?
  4. Why did Britain win the French and Indian War?
  5. What were the provisions of the Treaty of Paris, 1763?
  6. Who benefited most from this Treaty?    least?
  7. How did Great Britain's victory over France affect Native Americans?
  8. Why did victory in the French and Indian War create a financial crisis for the British?
  9. What were the major provisions of the 1764 Sugar Act?  Why did it anger colonial merchants so much?
  10. How did the French and Indian War help change the relationship between the British and the American colonists?
  11. What were the three major issues that had created deep tensions between Britain and her colonies by the mid-1760s?
 
   *  Fort Duquesne    *  Proclamation of 1763
   *  Fort Necessity    *  Prime Minister George
            Grenville
   *  William Pitt    *  writ of assistance
   *  Treaty of Paris (1763)    *  Sugar Act (1764)
   *  Pontiac    

 

       


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