• Textbook --> pp. 766 - 772.
  • FILM --> clips from "America's Century" series.
 
  1. Create a CHART that compares and contrasts the communist and capitalist economic and political systems.
  2. Why was President Truman seemingly unprepared to become President when Franklin Roosevelt died in April, 1945?  What were some of Truman's qualities as a leader?
  3. What did Stalin do to make President Truman distrust him, especially at the Potsdam Conference?
  4. What was Stalin's goal in supporting communist governments in Eastern Europe?
  5. What was containment?  What were President Truman's goals in establishing this policy?
  6. Identify the main objectives of the Truman Doctrine.  What were the arguments against it?
  7. What were the objectives of the Marshall Plan?  How effective was it in achieving these objectives?
  8. How were the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan examples of containment?
  9. Why did the U. S. initiate the Berlin Airlift in 1948?  What were the effects of this move?
  10. List the original members of N. A. T. O.  What was the purpose of this alliance?
 
  *  Cold War   *  Truman Doctrine
  *  "Big Three"   *  Marshall Plan
  *  Potsdam Conference   *  Berlin Airlift
  *  satellite nation   *  Federal Republic of Germany 
     [W. Germany]
  *  "buffer" zone   *  German Democratic Republic
     [E. Germany]
  *  containment   *  N. A. T. O.

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 773 - 778.
  • FILM --> clips from "America's Century" series.
 
  1. How did the American public view Chiang Kai-shek? Why did the U. S. State Department hold a different view of him?
  2. What policies did Chiang Kai-shek follow that made the Chinese people turn to Mao Zedong and the communists?
  3. What factors led to the communist takeover of China?
  4. What were the arguments of those Americans who claimed that we had "lost" China to the communists in 1949?
  5. Why did the U. S. support South Korea in 1950?
  6. What was General MacArthur's plan in 1951 to end the stalemate in Korea?  Why did President Truman object so strongly to his suggestions?
  7. Why would attacking China in 1951, as General MacArthur wanted to do, set off World War III?
  8. Why did President Truman fire General MacArthur?  What was the initial reaction of most Americans to this decision?
  9. What were the political, economic, and social costs of the Korean War for America?
 
  *  Mao Zedong   *  Pyongyang
  *  Chiang Kai-shek   *  General Douglas MacArthur
  *  Taiwan [Formosa]   *  Inchon
  *  38th. parallel   *  Yalu River
  *  Syngman Rhee   *  The wrong war, at the wrong place, at
     the wrong time, and with the wrong
     enemy.
  *  Seoul   *  Old soldiers never die, they just fade
     away!
  *  Kim Il Sung

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 779 - 784.
  • FILM --> clips from "America's Century" series.
 
  1. What were some of the causes of the fear of communism in the U. S. that appeared following World War II?
  2. Why did President Truman create the Loyalty Review Board in 1947?
  3. Why was HUAC created?
  4. Why was Hollywood a target of anti-communist investigations by Congress?
  5. How was Paul Robeson a symbol of the 1950s "Red Scare"?
  6. Why did the cases of Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg heighten the anti-communist mood of Americans in the early 1950s?
  7. What actions of Senator Joseph McCarthy worsened the national hysteria about communism?
  8. Why did Senator McCarthy always make his inflammatory accusations on the floor of the U. S. Senate?
  9. Why didn't the Republican Party stop Senator McCarthy?
  10. What finally led to the political downfall of Joe McCarthy?
  11. List the effects of McCarthyism on American politics and on American behavior.
  12. How was this 1950s "Red Scare" era similar to the one at the end of and immediately following World War I?  How was it different?
 
  *  "Reds"   *  McCarran Act [1950]
  *  "Pinko"   *  Alger Hiss
  *  subversive   *  Whittaker Chambers
  *  Federal Employees Loyalty &
     Security Program [1947]
  *  Klaus Fuchs
  *  Loyalty Review Board   *  Ethel & Julius Rosenberg
  *  House Committee on Un-American
     Activities [HUAC]
  *  blacklisted
  *  "Hollywood Ten"   *  Senator Joseph McCarthy [R-WI]
  *  Paul Robeson   *  "McCarthyism"

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 
  • FILM --> clips from "America's Century" series.
 
  1. What was the foreign policy of brinkmanship?  How was it different from our previous policy of containment?
  2. What was the role of the CIA in Iran?  in Guatemala?
  3. Why did the Soviet Union form the Warsaw Pact in 1955?
  4. What was President Eisenhower's proposal of "open skies?"  Why did the Soviets reject it?
  5. What was the "spirit of Geneva?"
  6. What were the key issues that led to the Suez War of 1956?  What role di the U. S. play in this conflict?
  7. How was Nikita Khrushchev a different Soviet leader from Stalin?  How was he the same?
  8. How did Hungary become a Cold War trouble spot in 1956?
  9. What was the Eisenhower Doctrine?  What authority did Congress give the president when they approved of this policy?
  10. What technological developments during the 1950s contributed to an arms race that would last for more than 35 years?
  11. Why did the launching of Sputnik I create such fear in the U. S.?  What did the American government do to respond to this Soviet technological achievement?
  12. What was the political significance of the U-2 spy plane incident?
 
  *  H-bomb   *  "open skies" 
  *  John Foster Dulles   *  "spirit of Geneva"
  *  brinkmanship   *  Suez War [1956]
  *  M. A. D.   *  Nikita Khrushchev
  *  nuclear proliferation   *  Eisenhower Doctrine
  *  C. I. A.   *  ICBM
  *  covert activities   *  Sputnik I
  *  Mohammad Mossadegh   *  Francis Gary Powers
  *  Warsaw Pact   *  U-2 Incident



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