• Textbook --> pp. 664 - 670.
  • FILM --> clips from the series "The American Century."
 
  1. As you read this section of Chapter 23, create a CHART with three columns labeled:  "New Deal Programs," "Purpose," and "Results" [this will eventually be collected for a grade of 40 points].  Bullet information that lists the accomplishments of the First New Deal programs.  Be sure to include ALL of the government programs in the TERMS list below!
  2. Why was FDR elected in 1932?  What personal characteristics of his seemed to appeal to the general public?
  3. What were the three major goals of the New Deal?
  4. Why did FDR engage in a series of "Fireside chats" with the American people?
  5. How did Congress and the president attempt to save the banking system in 1933?
  6. In general, how did liberal and conservative critics differ in their opposition to the New Deal?
  7. Why did people regard FDR's court-packing scheme as a threat to the constitutional principle of separation of powers?
  8. What did Father Coughlin, Dr. Townsend, and Senator Huey Long dislike about the New Deal?
  9. How did FDR change the role of the federal government during his first term as president?
 
  *  Franklin Delano Roosevelt [FDR]   *  PWA
  *  New Deal   *  CWA
  *  20th. Amendment   *  National Industrial Recovery Act
     [1933]
  *  bank holiday   *  NRA
  *  Emergency Banking Relief Act [1933]   *  TVA
  *  "Fireside Chats"   *  HOLC
  *  Glass-Steagall Banking Act [1933]   *  FHA
  *  FDIC   *  "First One Hundred Days"
  *  Federal Securities Act [1933]   *  "court-packing"
  *  SEC   *  American Liberty League
  *  21st. Amendment   *  Fr. Charles Coughlin
  *  AAA   *  Dr. Francis Townsend
  *  farm subsidies   *  Senator Huey Long [LA]
  *  CCC   *  "Share Our Wealth" program
  *  FERA   *  Every Man A King!

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 671 - 676.
  • PHOTOS --> Dorothea Lang's work.
 
  1. What role did Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt play in her husband's administration?
  2. What was the political significance of the 1936 presidential election?
  3. Who were the groups that now made up the "New Deal Coalition?"
  4. How might the Second New Deal help sharecroppers, migrant workers, and other poor farmers?
  5. What arguments could be used by the supporters and critics of the Works Progress Administration [WPA] and the National Youth Administration [NYA]?
  6. What were the major provisions of the Wagner Act of 1935?  Why could it be called the "Magna Carta of Labor?"
  7. What were the three areas covered by the original Social Security Act of 1935?
  8. Why might the Social Security Act be considered the most important achievement of the entire New Deal era?
 
  *  Eleanor Roosevelt   *  NYA
  *  the "forgotten man"   *  Wagner Act [1935]
  *  Alfred Landon   *  NLRB
  *  New Deal Coalition   *  Fair Labor Standards Act [1938]
  *  FSA   *  Social Security Act [1935]
  *  WPA   *  Francis Perkins
  *  infrastructure   *  REA

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 677 - 682.
 
  1. What opportunities were available for women during the New Deal period?  What limitations still existed at the time?
  2. Why was the "Black Cabinet" important to FDR's administration?
  3. Why was FDR never fully committed to full civil rights for African-Americans?
  4. How did the New Deal discriminate against African-Americans?
  5. What actions did Africa-Americans take themselves to push civil rights onto the national agenda during the New Deal?
  6. How was the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 a challenge to prior government treatment of Native Americans as laid down by the Dawes Act of 1887?
  7. How did New Deal policies affect organized labor?
  8. Why did the CIO use sit-down strikes?  How effective were they?
  9. Why did urban voters support President Franklin D. Roosevelt?
 
  *  Francis Perkins   *  Indian Reorganization Act [1934]
  *  Mary McLeod Bethune   *  Congress of Industrial Orgs. [CIO]
  *  "Black Cabinet"   *  John L. Lewis
  *  Marian Anderson   *  Walter Reuther
  *  1941 March on Washington   *  Mayor Fiorello La Guardia of NYC

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 683 - 688.
    FILM --> clips from the series, "American in the 20c."
  • SLIDES --> WPA art.
 
  1. What types of entertainment were most popular during the Depression?
  2. What purpose did movies and radio serve during the Great Depression?
  3. What New Deal programs supported artists and writers in the 1930s?  [Be sure to add them to your CHART of New Deal programs!!]
  4. Why did the New Deal fund these projects?
  5. What were the themes of the plays, books, and paintings/murals of this period?
  6. How did the literature of the time reflect the issues of the Depression?
  7. What were the main benefits of government support for art and literature in the 1930s?
 
  *  Clark Gable   *  Federal Art Project
  *  Gone With the Wind   *  Grant Wood
  *  the Marx Brothers   *  Edward Hopper
  *  Jimmy Cagney   *  Federal Theater Project
  *  Frank Capra   *  Richard Wright
  *  Burns and Allen   *  The Grapes of Wrath
  *  Bob Hope   *  John Steinbeck
  *  Orson Welles   *  John Dos Passos

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 689 - 693.
 
  1. Why did industrial production drop again and unemployment go up once more in 1938?
  2. What is "deficit spending?"  Why was the New Deal over, in reality, by 1939?
  3. What impact did the New Deal have on the role and structure of the federal government?
  4. How did the Social Security system represent a change from past government policies?
  5. How did New Deal programs benefit as well as harm the environment?
  6. In what ways was the New Deal a success?  a failure?
  7. Identify the New Deal programs that are still in place today.
 
  *  deficit spending   *  Keynesian economics
  *  John Maynard Keynes


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