• Textbook --> pp. 642 - 649.
  • FILM --> clips from the series, "The American Century."
  • Current Dow Jones chart.
 
  1. Give specific examples to show how the superficial prosperity of the late 1920s hid troubling weaknesses in the country.
  2. Identify reasons why agriculture suffered more throughout the 1920s than any other part of the country.
  3. How did the McNary-Haugen Bill attempt to help the farmers?  Why did President Coolidge veto it twice?
  4. How was the distribution of income so unequal in the United States during the 1920s?  How was this bad for the economy?
  5. Why did Governor Alfred E. Smith of New York loose the 1920 presidential election?
  6. What does it mean to "buy on margin"?  How did this practice contribute to creating the Great Depression?
  7. Why did so many banks fail so quickly during the early 1930s?
  8. What happened to ordinary workers during the Great Depression?
  9. How did the Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930 worsen the worldwide depression?
  10. What role did the effects of World War I play in affecting the world economy?
 
  *  McNary-Haugen Bill   *  Black Tuesday [Oct. 29, 1929]
  *  price supports   *  Great Depression
  *  distribution of income   *  Dow Jones Industrial Average
  *  Alfred E. Smith   *  GNP
  *  Herbert Hoover   *  Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act [1930]
  *  buying on margin

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 650 - 654.
  • SONG --> "Brother Can You Spare a Dime."
  • SONGS of the "rails"
  • PHOTOS of the Dust Bowl.
 
  1. How did the Great Depression affect the lives of ordinary people in cities, towns, and on the farms?  [create a CHART in your notebook]
  2. How were shantytowns, soup kitchens, and bread lines a response to the Depression?  How successful were they?
  3. What created the "Dust Bowl" of the mid-1930s?  What were its effects on the people of the Great plains and West Coast?
  4. Why did so many men leave their homes during the Depression?  Where did they go?
  5. How did the Great Depression affect women and children?
  6. Why did minorities often experience an increase in discrimination during the Great Depression?
 
  *  shantytowns   *  Okies
  *  Dust Bowl   *  John Steinbeck
  *  direct relief   *  The Grapes of Wrath

 


 
  • Textbook --> pp. 655 - 659.
  • FILM --> clips from the series, "America in the 20c."
  • Excerpt from Hoover's article, "Rugged Individualism."
 
  1. Why did Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon believe that the government should do nothing about the Great Depression?
  2. What did President Hoover mean by the term "rugged individualism?"  How did this reflect his views about the role of government?
  3. Why did many people blame President Hoover for the nation's increasing problems?
  4. How did President Hoover finally try to use the government to relieve the Depression?
  5. How successful were the government projects initiated by President Hoover?
  6. How did President Hoover's treatment of the Bonus Army affect his standing with the public?
  7. Why did Franklin D. Roosevelt [FDR] feel so certain that he would win the 1932 presidential election?
 
  *  "rugged individualism"   *  Federal Home Loan Bank Act [1933]
  *  Boulder Dam   *  Reconstruction Finance Corp.  [1932]
  *  "Hoovervilles"   *  Bonus Army
  *  "Hoover blanket"   *  Douglas MacArthur
  *  Federal Farm Board



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