• Textbook --> pp. 494 - 500.
 
  1. What was Progressivism?  What were its major goals?
  2. Which groups/special interests tended to be attracted to Progressivism?  What were their motives?
  3. Why did so many upper- and middle-class women become progressives?
  4. What was Florence Kelley's role in the progressive reform movement?
  5. How did the WCTU work for progressive goals?
  6. Contrast the goals and effects of scientific management with other progressive reforms.
  7. Identify the different types of city government management programs that were initiated by progressive politicians and government reformers.
  8. Why was Wisconsin called "The Laboratory of Democracy?"
  9. What changes did reformers bring about in the area of child labor?
  10. Explain how initiative, referendum, and recall were reforms to give citizens a greater input into the workings of their government.
  11. How was the 17th. Amendment typical of progressive reforms?
  12. Imagine you are a muckraking journalist TODAY.  A magazine publisher has asked you to submit a list of story ideas for upcoming issues.  What wrongdoings would you like to probe?
 
   *  Progressivism    *  "gas and water socialism"
   *  Florence Kelley    *  "Fighting Bob" La Follette
   *  prohibition    *  "The Laboratory of
              Democracy"
   *  Women's Christian
            Temperance Union (WCTU)
   *  Keating-Owen Act (1916)
   *  Frances Willard    *  Muller v. Oregon (1908)
   *  Carry Nation    *  Bunting v. Oregon (1917)
   *  Anti-Saloon League    *  Louis D. Brandeis
   *  "Demon Rum"    *  initiative
   *  Henry George    *  referndum
   *  Edward Bellamy    *  recall
   *  muckraker    *  Australian Ballot
   *  Frederick Winslow Taylor    *  17th. Amendment (1913)
   *  Principles of Scientific
            Management (1911) 
   *  council-manager system
   *  city commissioner system

 



 
  • Textbook --> pp. 501 - 504.
 
  1. What jobs did most African American women and married and unmarried immigrant women generally hole at the end of the 19c?
  2. What kinds of job opportunities prompted more women to complete high school at the end of the 19c?
  3. Describe the major changes in the role and status of women during the Progressive era.
  4. How did a college education effect the lives of those women who attended these institutions of higher learning in the late 1800s?
  5. Identify the clubs and organizations which helped to politically organize women during the Progressive period.
  6. What were the three approaches women tried in order to win the right to vote?  What obstacles were placed in the way of achieving this goal?
  7. What methods used by women reforms of the Progressive era are still methods that are used by modern-day reform and social protest movements?
 
   *  Maria Mitchell    *  suffrage
   *  "Seven Sisters"    *  Susan B. Anthony
   *  "social housekeeping"    *  National American Woman
            Suffrage Association
            (NAWSA)
   *  National Association of
             Colored Women (NACW)

 



 
  • Textbook --> pp. 505 - 511.
 
  1. Identify three ways in which Theodore Roosevelt modernized the role of the American president.
  2. What role did Roosevelt play in settling the Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902?
  3. Explain Roosevelt's theory regarding "trustbusting."
  4. How did the publication of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle in 1906 affect the safety of the meat that people eat today?
  5. Identify the major laws passed during Teddy Roosevelt's administration which effectively expanded the regulatory powers of the federal government.
  6. Discuss Roosevelt's program for the conservation of the nation's natural resources.  Identify the sources of opposition to this program.
  7. What was Teddy Roosevelt's position on the problems of African Americans in the America of the early 20c?
  8. How did Roosevelt's use of experts help him tackle political, economic, or environmental problems?
 
   *  Upton Sinclair    *  Pure Food & Drug Act (1906)
   *  The Jungle (1906)    *  John Muir
   *  "bully pulpit"    *  Gifford Pinchot
   *  Square Deal    *  conservation
   *  "Trust-Buster"    *  National Reclamation
           (Newlands) Act (1902)
   *  Elkins Act (1903)    *  The Souls of Black Folk (1903)
   *  Meat Inspection Act (1906)    *  The only good Indian is a dead
           Indian!

 



 
  • Textbook --> pp. 512 - 515.
 
  1. How was President Taft physically as well as politically different from Teddy Roosevelt, even though both were Republicans?
  2. Which of Roosevelt's policies did President Taft not support?  Why not?
  3. Why did his support of the Payne-Aldrich Tariff cause so many problems for President Taft?
  4. Why did Taft's appointment of Richard Ballinger anger conservationists?
  5. What role did Speaker of the House, "Uncle Joe" Cannon play in the fragmentation of the Republican Party by 1910?  What other issues aided in this fragmentation?
  6. What were the key issues of the Progressive (Bull Moose) Party platform in 1912?
  7. Create a CHART which contrasts the views toward big business of the four major candidates for president in 1912.
 
   *  William Howard Taft    *  "old guard"
   *  Payne-Aldrich Tariff (1909)    *  New Nationalism
   *  Richard A. Ballinger    *  Bull Moose (Progressive) Party
   *  The Fight for Conservation    *  Don't interfere when your
            enemy is destroying
            himself!
   *  Joseph Cannon

 



 
  • Textbook --> pp. 516 - 521.
 
  1. What was President Wilson's view of the role of government?  How did it differ from Teddy Roosevelt's view? [Create a VENN DIAGRAM to illustrate your answer].
  2. Compare Wilson's personal background to that of President Roosevelt.
  3. What were the provisions of the Clayton Antitrust Act?  How did it benefit labor?
  4. What were the arguments of the proponents and opponents of government deregulation in the early 20c?
  5. What was the purpose of the creation of the Federal Trade Commission?
  6. Why was the 16th. Amendment to the U. S. Constitution passed?
  7. How does the Federal Reserve System work?  Why is it considered to be one of the important domestic achievements of Woodrow Wilson's administration?
  8. Identify the different strategies used by women in their fight for suffrage.
  9. If you were a suffragist in the early 20c, which organization would you have joined and why? --> the National American Woman's Suffrage Association or the National Woman's Party?
  10. Why did Woodrow Wilson oppose women's suffrage?
  11. What actions taken by President Wilson disappointed civil rights advocates?
 
   *  Woodrow Wilson    *  Federal Reserve Act (1913)
   *  New Freedom    *  Federal Reserve System
   *  Clayton Antitrust Act (1914)    *  graduated income tax
   *  Federal Trade Act (1914)    *  Carrie Chapman Catt
   *  Federal Trade Commission
           (FTC)
   *  National Woman's Party
   *  Underwood Tariff of 1913    *  Emmeline Pankhurst
   *  16th. Amendment    *  19th. Amendment
   *  deregulation



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