• Textbook --> pp. 462 - 466.
  1. Why did cities have to build "upward" at the turn of the last century?
  2. How did the new technologies make the building of skyscrapers practical and possible?
  3. How did changes in transportation force cities to expand "outward?"
  4. What were some of the new ideas proposed by urban planners at the turn of the last century?
  5. How did the use of mail planes bring people in different regions of the country closer together?
  6. How did printing and photography change newspapers?
  7. What effect did the new changes in printing have on the reading public?
   *  Louis Sullivan    *  Daniel Burnham
   *  Flatiron Building, NY    *  Orville & Wilbur Wright
   *  Frank Lloyd Wright    *  Kitty Hawk, NC
   *  "Prairie School"    *  William Bullock
   *  skyscraper    *  linotype
   *  John Augustus Robling    *  George Eastman
   *  Brooklyn Bridge, NY    *  Kodak
   *  Augustus Saint-Gaudens    *  photo-journalism
   *  Frederick Law Olmsted


  • Textbook --> pp. 467 - 472.
  1. What was the view of middle class reformers of the importance of education at the end of the 19c?
  2. How were educational opportunities different for African American children during the Gilded Age from those of white children?
  3. Why did Catholic immigrants create the parochial school system?
  4. How did industrialization change the structure and curriculum of American public schools and colleges at the end of the 19c?
  5. How did the Civil War affect medical education?
  6. Describe the development in higher education for African Americans at the turn of the last century.
  7. How were Booker T. Washington's and W. E. B. DuBois's views on the advancements of black people so different?
  8. Create a CHART showing the different artistic movements that dominated the late 19c and early 20c in America.  Be sure to include a brief list of artists representative of each movement, the characteristics of the artistic styles of that movement, etc.
  9. How were the paintings of Thomas Eakins and the literature of Mark Twain similar?
  10. What was the "poor man's university?"
  11. What factors contributed to the popularity of the "dime novels?"
   *  "3 R's"    *  Mary Cassatt
   *  kindergarten    *  Thomas Eakins
   *  Americanization    *  Ashcan School
   *  Howard University    *  Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
   *  research university    *  Theodore Dreiser
   *  W. E. B. DuBois    *  Willa Cather
   *  Booker T. Washington    *  Edith Wharton
   *  Tuskegee Institute    *  Henry James
   *  dime novel


  • Textbook --> pp. 473 - 477.
  1. What do you think were the principle motivations for lynching blacks in the post-Civil War South?
  2. How did white Southern governments prevent blacks from voting after Reconstruction?
  3. What was the key principle emphasized by the Supreme Court in the case of the U. S. v. Reese (1876)?
  4. What were the jim Crow Laws?  How did the Supreme Court Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) reinforce these laws?
  5. What were some examples of "racial etiquette?"  What usually happened to African Americans who breached the rules of racial etiquette?
  6. What kinds of discrimination did African Americas experience in the North after Reconstruction?  How was it different from that in the South?  How was it the same?
  7. Compare the ways African Americans, Mexicans, and Chinese immigrants were discriminated against in the U. S. during the Gilded Age.
   *  lynching    *  Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
   *  Ida B. Wells    *  "separate, but equal"
   l*  iteracy test    *  racial etiquette
   *  poll tax    *  Atlanta Compromise
   *  grandfather clause    *  NAACP
   *  U. S. v. Reese (1876)    *  Niagara Movement
   *  minstrel show    *  debt peonage
   *  Jim Crow Laws    *  Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
   *  segregation


  • Textbook --> pp. 478 - 487.
  • CD --> ragtime music.
  • FILM CLIPS --> from D. W. Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation."
  • FILM CLIPS --> from Charlie Chaplin's "The Tramp."
  1. What were some of the major leisure activities engaged in by people of the Gilded Age?  Why were these activities become so popular in the late 1800s?
  2. Why were sports so popular with Americans at the turn of the last century?
  3. What types of entertainment appealed most to the people at the end of the 19c and the beginning of the 20c?
  4. What is "yellow journalism?"  How did publishers like Pulitzer and Hearst appeal to the reading interests of the masses?
  5. How did America's buying and selling patterns change at the turn of the last century?
  6. Create a CHART that shows the major characteristics of the mass culture that developed in America at the end of the 19c [You can use activity #2 on pg. 485 of your textbook as a model].
   *  John L. Sullivan    *  Joseph Pulitzer
   *  James J. "Gentleman Jim"
   *  William Randolph Hearst
   *  Abner Doubleday    *  "yellow" journalism
   *  melodramas    *  shopping arcade
   *  vaudeville    *  Marshall Fields
   *  P. T. Barnum    *  F. W. Woolworth
   *  Scott Joplin    *  "five-and-dime"
   *  D. W. Griffith    *  Sears & Roebuck
   *  The Birth of a Nation (1915)    *  rural free delivery
   *  silent flicks    *  Ragtime
   *  Charlie Chaplin

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