• Textbook --> pp. 350 - 355.
  • 14th. & 15th. Amendments to the U. S. Constitution.
  1. Describe President Lincoln's planned approach to Reconstruction.
  2. What was the reconstruction Plan of the Radical Republicans in Congress?
  3. Explain how the Ten-Percent Plan and the Wade-Davis Bill reflected different approaches to the problem of bringing the Southern states back into the Union.
  4. How did the views of President Andrew Johnson on Reconstruction differ from the views of the Radical Republicans?
  5. Identify and explain the role of the Freedmen's Bureau.
  6. List some of the restrictions placed on blacks by the "Black Codes."  How did these Codes help bring about the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
  7. What was President Johnson's response to the establishment of the Freedmen's Bureau and the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
  8. How did the Civil Rights Act of 1866 play a role in the transition from presidential to Congressional Reconstruction?
  9. List the provisions of the 14th. Amendment.  What main benefits did it offer African Americans?
  10. What was the response of the Southern states and President Johnson to the 14th. Amendment?
  11. Identify the provisions of the Reconstruction Act of 1867 and explain how the law fulfilled the major objectives of the Radical Republicans.
  12. Why was the Tenure of Office Act (1867) passed?  How was it connected to the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson?
  13. Identify the candidates who ran for the Presidency in the 1868 election.  What role did African American voters play in this election?
  14. What major political issue was addressed by the 15th. Amendment to the U. S. Constitution?  Why was it passed?
  15. Do you think that the Radical Republicans were justified in impeaching President Andrew Johnson?  Explain your position.
   *  Andrew Johnson    *  Freedmen's Bureau
   *  Reconstruction    *  Civil Rights Act of 1866
   *  Ten-Percent Plan    *  "Black Codes"
   *  With malice toward none, with
          charity for all...
   *  14th. Amendment
   *  Radical Republicans    *  Reconstruction Act of 1867
   *  Senator Charles Sumner (MA)    *  impeachment
   *  Cong. Thaddeus Stevens (PA)    *  Tenure of Office Act (1867)
   *  Wade-Davis Bill (1864)    *  Edwin Stanton
   *  pocket veto    *  15th. Amendment


  • Textbook --> pp. 356 - 365.
  1. Why did whites during Reconstruction try to prevent freed blacks from getting an education?
  2. What were the main postwar problems that Reconstruction governments in the South had to solve?
  3. identify the three major Republican constituencies who supported radical state governments in the South during Reconstruction.  What were the goals of each group?  Where did these goal conflict?
  4. What were some of the motivations for black migration to urban areas after the Civil War?
  5. What role did black churches play in the political, social, and educational development of blacks after the Civil War?
  6. What was the nature of black Republican political leadership during Radical Reconstruction?
  7. Thaddeus Stevens believed that giving land to former slaves was more important than giving them the vote.  Was he right?  Explain your position.
  8. What was the extent of black farm ownership in the South by the end of Reconstruction?
  9. Why did most freed blacks become sharecroppers or tenant farmers during Reconstruction?
  10. What factors contributed to the stagnation of the Southern economy after the Civil War?
   *  Scalawag    *  "40 acres and a mule"
   *  Carpetbagger    *  subsistence farming
   *  suffrage    *  sharecropping
   *  "praise meetings"    *  tenant farming
   *  Hiram Revels    *  diversification


  • Textbook --> pp. 366 - 373.
  1. What were the goals of the KKK?  Identify the Congressional laws that were designed to protect citizens from racial violence.
  2. How did the Amnesty Act of 1872 strengthen Democratic power?
  3. Identify the instances of scandal and corruption in President Grant's administration.
  4. What was the role of the Liberal Republicans in the presidential election of 1872?
  5. What were the causes of the Panic of 1873?
  6. Why did people who were in debt want greenbacks to stay in circulation?
  7. List the major Supreme Court cases made in the 1870s and show how they undermined the 14th. and 15th. Amendments to the U. S. Constitution.
  8. How did the scandals in the Grant administration and the economic problems of the 1870s affect Northern attitudes toward Reconstruction?
  9. Describe the dispute in the presidential election of 1876.  What were the components of the Compromise of 1877?
  10. How did the Compromise of 1877 resolve the disputed 1876 election?
  11. What major mistakes did the Radical Republicans make in their attempts to help the former slaves during Reconstruction?
  12. Using the "Point-Counterpoint" chart on pg. 372, present facts which contradict or support each side's positions on the success/failure of Reconstruction.
   *  Ku Klux Klan (KKK)    *  Specie Redemption Act (1875)
   *  Enforcement Acts of 1870 &
   *  Slaughterhouse Cases (1873)
   *  Amnesty Act (1872)    *  U. S. v. Cruikshank (1876)
   *  Crédit Mobilier Affair    *  U. S. v. Reese (1876)
   *  Whiskey Ring Scandal    *  Redempters
   *  Panic of 1873    *  Rutherford B. Hayes
   *  greenbacks    *  Samuel J. Tilden
   *  "easy" ["soft"] money    *  Compromise of 1877
   *  "hard" money    *  home rule

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