Why did immigrants who came to the North fear the expansion of
slavery in the 1850s?
How were the economies of the North and the South so different by
What did white Southerners fear if slavery ended in the South?
Explain why Northerners favored the Wilmot Proviso and Southerners
Why did California's application for statehood further stir the
passions of both sides of the slavery arguments?
List the provisions of the Compromise of 1850.
What parts of this compromise pleased the North? Which parts
pleased the South and why?
What was the result of Stephen Douglas's unbundling of Clay's
* Compromise of 1850
* "Little Giant"
Textbook --> pp. 288 - 294.
List the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act. Why did it
deepen sectionalism in the U. S.?
How did many Northerners try to thwart the power of the Fugitive
How did the Underground Railroad operate? What role did
Harriet Tubman play?
Discuss the family and religious background of Harriet Beecher
Stowe and explain how her views on slavery reflected that
What were the Northern and Southern reactions to Stowe's Uncle
What were Stephen Douglas's motives for wanting to create a
Nebraska Territory in 1854?
Why had popular sovereignty become so controversial by 1854?
What were the provisions of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? What
was its impact on sectionalism?
Define the term "Bleeding Kansas." Why did Kansas
become a center of controversy over the issue of slavery [identify
two incidents occurring in Kansas after 1854 which earned the
territory this name].
Explain what transpired in the U. S. Senate during the
Sumner-Brooks incident. What were the reactions of Northerners
and Southerners to this event?
Slave Act (1854)
* Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
* vigilance committees
* "Bleeding Kansas"
* Underground Railroad
* Pottawatomie Massacre
* "Uncle Tom"
Andrew P. Butler
* "Simon Legree"
* Congressman Preston S.
Textbook --> pp. 295 - 298.
What effect did the Kansas-Nebraska Act have on the Whig Party?
What is nativism? Are there any nativist tendencies in
America today? Give some specific examples.
Explain the impact of early 19c immigration on the emergence of
the Know-Nothing Party and point out the connection between the
Know-Nothings and the emergence of the Republican Party.
What were the key provisions of the Free Soil Party platform in
1848? What groups tended to gravitate to and support it?
Why did most free-soilers object to slavery?
Could you be an abolitionist in the mid-19c and yet be a racist as
well? Explain your position.
What were the major issues that the new Republican party promoted
in 1854? Which groups flocked to this new political
What was the major theme of Hinton R. Helper's book, The
Impending Crisis of the South?
Briefly identify the major candidates and issues of the
presidential election of 1856. Explain how the results of the
election reflected sectionalism's impact on the national political
* Free-Soil Party
* Republican Party
Impending Crisis of the South
* Know-Nothing Party
* John C.
Textbook --> pp. 299 - 305.
Lincoln's 1860 campaign song [CD]
Excerpts from Lincoln's First
What were the two major questions that the Supreme Court answered
in the Dred Scott decision?
What was the potential impact of that decision on the nation's
efforts to reach a compromise regarding the slavery issue?
Explain the circumstances which led to the drafting of the
Why did President Buchanan support the Lecompton Constitution?
How did the Democrats response to the Panic of 1857 deepen
sectional antagonism in the nation?
What were political debates like in the mid-19c?
Create a CHART comparing Lincoln and Douglas on the following
points: their appearance and demeanor; their speaking style;
and the positions which they took on the issues debated.
How did these debates refine the national debate on slavery and
how were they significant in defining the distinctions between the
Democratic and Republican Parties at the end of the 1850s?
What was the Freeport Doctrine? How did it further weaken
Stephen Douglas's presidential aspirations/prospects?
Why did the John Brown raid on the U. S. arsenal at Harper's
Ferry, VA, increase tensions between the North and the South?
Why do you think it is often considered a turning point in the
Southern road to secession?
Create a CHART that identifies the major candidates and issues of
the presidential election of 1860.
What election results statistics concerning Lincoln's victory
boded poorly for the continuation of the Union?
How did Lincoln's election affect the South?
Why do you think that South Carolina was the first Southern state
How did the constitution of the new Confederacy differ from the U.
S. Constitution? What political problems were inherent in it?
Do you think that Lincoln made the right decision in choosing not
to free the slaves immediately once the Confederacy had been
formed? Explain your position.