• Textbook --> pp. 282 - 287.
  1. Why did immigrants who came to the North fear the expansion of slavery in the 1850s?
  2. How were the economies of the North and the South so different by the mid-19c?
  3. What did white Southerners fear if slavery ended in the South?
  4. Explain why Northerners favored the Wilmot Proviso and Southerners did not.
  5. Why did California's application for statehood further stir the passions of both sides of the slavery arguments?
  6. List the provisions of the Compromise of 1850.
  7. What parts of this compromise pleased the North?  Which parts pleased the South and why?
  8. What was the result of Stephen Douglas's unbundling of Clay's omnibus bill?
   *  Wilmot Proviso    *  popular sovereignty
   *  secession    *  Stephen A. Douglas
   *  Compromise of 1850    *  "Little Giant"
   *  omnibus bill    *  Millard Fillmore


  • Textbook --> pp. 288 - 294.
  1. List the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act.  Why did it deepen sectionalism in the U. S.?
  2. How did many Northerners try to thwart the power of the Fugitive Slave Act?
  3. How did the Underground Railroad operate?  What role did Harriet Tubman play?
  4. Discuss the family and religious background of Harriet Beecher Stowe and explain how her views on slavery reflected that background.
  5. What were the Northern and Southern reactions to Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin?
  6. What were Stephen Douglas's motives for wanting to create a Nebraska Territory in 1854?
  7. Why had popular sovereignty become so controversial by 1854?
  8. What were the provisions of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?  What was its impact on sectionalism?
  9. Define the term "Bleeding Kansas."  Why did Kansas become a center of controversy over the issue of slavery [identify two incidents occurring in Kansas after 1854 which earned the territory this name].
  10. Explain what transpired in the U. S. Senate during the Sumner-Brooks incident.  What were the reactions of Northerners and Southerners to this event?
   *  Fugitive Slave Act (1854)    *  popular sovereignty
   *  personal liberty laws    *  Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
   *  vigilance committees    *  burned in effigy
   *  Harriet Tubman    *  "Bleeding Kansas"
   *  Underground Railroad    *  John Brown
   *  Harriet Beecher Stowe    *  Pottawatomie Massacre
   *  Uncle Tom's Cabin    *  Senator Charles Sumner
   *  "Uncle Tom"    *  Senator Andrew P. Butler
   *  "Simon Legree"    *  Congressman Preston S.


  • Textbook --> pp. 295 - 298.
  1. What effect did the Kansas-Nebraska Act have on the Whig Party?
  2. What is nativism?  Are there any nativist tendencies in America today?  Give some specific examples.
  3. Explain the impact of early 19c immigration on the emergence of the Know-Nothing Party and point out the connection between the Know-Nothings and the emergence of the Republican Party.
  4. What were the key provisions of the Free Soil Party platform in 1848?  What groups tended to gravitate to and support it?
  5. Why did most free-soilers object to slavery?
  6. Could you be an abolitionist in the mid-19c and yet be a racist as well?  Explain your position.
  7. What were the major issues that the new Republican party promoted in 1854?  Which groups flocked to this new political party?  Why?
  8. What was the major theme of Hinton R. Helper's book, The Impending Crisis of the South?
  9. Briefly identify the major candidates and issues of the presidential election of 1856.  Explain how the results of the election reflected sectionalism's impact on the national political party system.
   *  Horace Greeley    *  Free-Soil Party
   *  Franklin Pierce    *  Republican Party
   *  American Party    *  Hinton Rowan Helper
   *  nativism    *  The Impending Crisis of the
   *  Know-Nothing Party    *  James Buchanan
   *  Liberty Party    *  John C. Frémont


  • Textbook --> pp. 299 - 305.
  • Lincoln's 1860 campaign song [CD]
  • "Dixie" [CD].
  • Excerpts from Lincoln's First Inaugural Address.
  1. What were the two major questions that the Supreme Court answered in the Dred Scott decision?
  2. What was the potential impact of that decision on the nation's efforts to reach a compromise regarding the slavery issue?
  3. Explain the circumstances which led to the drafting of the Lecompton Constitution.
  4. Why did President Buchanan support the Lecompton Constitution?
  5. How did the Democrats response to the Panic of 1857 deepen sectional antagonism in the nation?
  6. What were political debates like in the mid-19c?
  7. Create a CHART comparing Lincoln and Douglas on the following points:  their appearance and demeanor; their speaking style; and the positions which they took on the issues debated.
  8. How did these debates refine the national debate on slavery and how were they significant in defining the distinctions between the Democratic and Republican Parties at the end of the 1850s?
  9. What was the Freeport Doctrine?  How did it further weaken Stephen Douglas's presidential aspirations/prospects?
  10. Why did the John Brown raid on the U. S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry, VA, increase tensions between the North and the South?  Why do you think it is often considered a turning point in the Southern road to secession?
  11. Create a CHART that identifies the major candidates and issues of the presidential election of 1860.
  12. What election results statistics concerning Lincoln's victory boded poorly for the continuation of the Union?
  13. How did Lincoln's election affect the South?
  14. Why do you think that South Carolina was the first Southern state to secede?
  15. How did the constitution of the new Confederacy differ from the U. S. Constitution?  What political problems were inherent in it?
  16. Do you think that Lincoln made the right decision in choosing not to free the slaves immediately once the Confederacy had been formed?  Explain your position.
   *  Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)    *  Freeport Doctrine
   *  Roger B. Taney    *  Panic of 1857
   *  chattel    *  Harpers Ferry, VA raid
   *  Lecompton Constitution    *  Confederate States of America
   *  Lincoln-Douglas Debates    *  Jefferson Davis
   *  A house divided against itself
           cannot stand...

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