• textbook --> pp. 578 - 588.
  • AMSCO --> pp. 333 - 343.
  • Heffner doc. book --> pp. 201 - 209.
Terms :
Thomas Alva Edison J. P. Morgan
Menlo Park, NJ Andrew Carnegie
Alexander Graham Bell John D. Rockefeller
corporation "Gospel of Wealth"
partnership Social Darwinism
sole proprietorship "Robber Barons"
*  vertical integration Gustavus Swift
*  horizontal integration Ida B. Tarbell
  1. Identify the technological innovations of the late 19c that notably changed the way that business and industry operated.
  2. What is a corporation?  a partnership?  a sole proprietorship?  How was a corporation a more advantageous 19c form of business organization than the other forms of business?
  3. How did corporate mergers impact on the traditional American values regarding business?
  4. What are the differences between vertical and horizontal integration?  Which approaches did Carnegie and Rockefeller use initially?  How did they blend the two?
  5. Describe the changing nature of American labor during the 19c, focusing on skill levels, working conditions, work hours, and family life.
  6. What were the characteristics of late 19c female labor in terms of positions available to women and wages.  What unique problems did women face in the workplace during the late 19c?
  7. Why did women's work remain segregated from men's work until well into the 20c?
  8. Describe the living conditions of the urban poor by focusing on family life, dwellings, and health.
  9. Define the terms the "Gospel of Wealth" and "Social Darwinism."  How did these political ideologies serve to discourage efforts to alleviate urban poverty?

                          ASSIGNMENT 2:

  • textbook --> pp. pp. 588 - 592.
  • AMSCO --> pp. 243 - 247.
Terms :
Molly Maguires *  black-listing
Great Uprising of 1877 *  open shop
Knights of Labor *  closed shop
Terence V. Powderly *  agency shop
Haymarket Square Riot "yellow-dog" contract
American Federation of
   Labor [AFL]
Pinkerton Agency
Samuel Gompers Homestead Strike of 1892
collective bargaining Pullman Strike of 1894
*  "scab" socialism
*  boycott International Workers of
   the World [IWW]
Mother Jones Labor Day
  1. What were the issues involved in the "Great Uprising" [Railroad Strike] of 1877?  Despite its failure, how did the strike encourage labor organization during the late 19c?
  2. Create a CHART with the following column headings:  Knights of Labor, AFL, IWW.  Compare and contrast these worker organizations/unions in terms of policy, membership, and levels of success.
  3. Describe the events surrounding the Homestead and Pullman Car strikes.  How did these events reflect the challenges faced by labor unions at the turn of the 19c?
  4. What methods were used by business to thwart labor reforms?
  5. Why did the AFL succeed, while the Knights of Labor disappeared by the end of the 19c?
  6. Why did socialism have a limited appeal for American workers at the end of the 19c?
  7. Identify the major reasons why organized labor remained relatively weak before World War I.

DBQ --> AMSCO, pp. 353 - 357