bullet Anabaptist-Mennonite History
bullet Baroque Art (Artcyclopedia)
bullet Baroque Music
bullet A Brief History of the Inquisition
bullet The Bourbons:  A Genealogical Chart (France)
bullet The Catholic Reformation (Professor Mark Gstohl, Xavier University, LA)
bullet The Catholic Reformation Research Network
bullet The Council of Trent - major documents
bullet Discovery & Reformation
bullet Edward VI (of England) -- Protestantism
bullet El Greco
bullet El Greco Paintings (Artchive)
bullet Elizabeth I
bullet The Elizabeth Files
bullet English Bible History
bullet The English Reformation (Professor Mark Gstohl, Xavier University, LA)
bullet The French Monarchy:  Genealogical Chart of the House of Valois
bullet The German Reformation (Christian Classics Ethereal Library)
bullet The Great Schism: 1378-1415
bullet The Gunpowder Plot Society
bullet The Gutenberg Bible (1)
bullet The Gutenberg Bible (2)
bullet Historical Cheat Sheet article on the Tudor Period by Jean Mason
bullet History of Baroque Architecture
bullet Internet Modern History Sourcebook:  "The Early Modern West"

Italian Baroque Sculpture

bullet John Calvin (biography)
bullet John Knox (biography)
bullet Laws in Ireland for the Suppression of Popery (Penal Laws)
bullet Le Poulet Gauche - Life in 16c France
bullet The Life and Times of William Shakespeare
bullet Life in Elizabethan England
bullet Life in Tudor Times
bullet "Luther and English Apocalypticism: The Role of Luther in Three Seventeenth-Century Commentaries on the Book of Revelation" - Benjamin A. Ehlers in Essays In History
bullet Lutheran Hymnal Songs
bullet The Magisterial Reformation (Professor Mark Gstohl, Xavier University, LA)
bullet Map-->"Europe After the Peace of Augsburg"
bullet Map-->"Europe in 1600"
bullet Map--> "Ireland: 1500"
bullet Map-->"The Reformation & Counter-Reformation"
bullet Map-->"Religious Divisions"
bullet Map Labeling Self-Quiz->The Reformation (Kagan text site)
bullet "The Medieval Synthesis Under Attack: Savonarola and the Protestant Reformation" - Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet Martin Luther
bullet Martin Luther, The Reluctant Revolutionary (PBS series)
bullet The Papacy:  Its Corporate Culture Identity - information on the popes from the White Robed Monks of St. Benedict
bullet Poetry of Queen Elizabeth I
bullet Printing: The Renaissance & Reformation
bullet Project Wittenberg
bullet Protestant England
bullet The Radical Reformation (Professor Mark Gstohl, Xavier University, LA)
bullet Readings from the Protestant & Counter Reformations
bullet The Reformation - general overview with a nice chart at the bottom comparing Protestant and Catholic beliefs
bullet Reformation Happens (Professor Mark Gstohl)
bullet The Reformation in England (BBC)
bullet Reformation Ink - classic Reformation documents
bullet Reformation Picture Gallery (people)
bullet The Reformation Theology Reading Guide 
bullet The Religious Situation in Europe - map (1560)
bullet "Seicento 17th Century" (National Gallery of Australia - 3 Centuries of Italian Art)
bullet Selected Works of Martin Luther
bullet Shakespeare Resource Center
bullet The Six Wives of Henry VIII of England
bullet The Society of Jesus
bullet Spain and the Reformation - resources and links
bullet The Spanish Habsburgs:  Genealogical Chart 
bullet Suppression of the English Monasteries under Henry VIII
bullet Triumph of the Baroque - NGA
bullet Tudor Court
bullet Tudor England:  1495-1603
bullet Tudor Genealogy Chart (England) - in the middle of the large chart
bullet Tudor History
bullet The Tudors (BBC)
bullet The Wars of Religion
bullet "The Western Traditions" video series on line - The Annenburg Foundation


                             How to read a primary source document
Why Study History Through Primary Sources

bullet 1396-97:  The Twelve Conclusions of the Lollards
bullet 1407:  The Examination of Master William Thorpe, priest, Of Heresy, Before Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury  
bullet 1427:  Diabolical Seduction - A Witch on Trial
bullet 1437-1486:  Witchcraft Documents (including an excerpt from the Malleus Maleficarum)
bullet 1485:  Bull of Pope Innocent III on the marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
bullet 1486:  The Malleus Maleficarum excerpt (in the middle of the page)
bullet early 16c:  Lyrics of Henry VIII
bullet 1500?:  A description of Henry VII from Polydore Vergil's The Anglia Historica 1485-1537
bullet 1502:  The death of Prince Arthur  ;   Another account of the death of Prince Arthur
bullet 1505-44:  Letters of the Six Wives of Henry VIII
bullet 1509:  Henry VII's obituary
bullet 1509:  Henry VIII & Katharine of Aragon's coronations at Westminster Abbey
bullet 1513:  "The Lyrics of Henry VIII" - some examples of his poetry
bullet 1515:  A contemporary description of Henry VIII
bullet 1517:  95 Theses - Martin Luther
bullet 1520s?:  Poetry about Anne Boleyn
bullet 1520:  Martin Luther - On Christian Liberty
bullet 1520:  Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation - Martin Luther
bullet 1520:  Bull Exsurge Domine
bullet 1521:  The Imperial Edict of Worms
bullet 1522:  Martin Luther's Definition of Faith
bullet 1523:  The Romance of Anne Boleyn & Henry Percy
bullet 1523:  "On Secular Authority: How Far Does Obedience Owed to It Extend?" - Martin Luther
bullet 1524-1525:  Erasmus & Luther debate - On Free Will and Salvation
bullet 1525:  Against the Murderous and Thieving Hordes of Peasants - Martin Luther
bullet 1536:  The German Mass and Order of Divine Service (January)
bullet 1527:  The Execution of Michael Sattler
bullet 1527:  The Schleitheim Confession
bullet 1529:  "A Might Fortress is Our God" - hymn written by Martin Luther
bullet 1530:  The Augsburg Confession - Martin Luther (full text)
bullet 1530s:  Contemporary Descriptions of Anne Boleyn
bullet 1530s:  The fall of Cardinal Wolsey
bullet 1530s: "On Predestination" - John Calvin
bullet 1530s:  Selections from Henry VIII's love letters to Anne Boleyn
bullet 1531:  Sebastian Franck's letter to Campanus
bullet 1533:  Birth Announcement of Princess Elizabeth (9/7)
bullet 1533:  The Coronation of Anne Boleyn - recorded by Edward Hall
bullet 1533:  Letter of Thomas Cranmer on Henry VIII's Divorce
bullet 1533:  The Works of Elizabeth I
bullet 1534:  Act of Supremacy (Henry VIII of England)
bullet 1535:  The executions of John Fisher, Thomas More & others
bullet 1535:  The Last Letter of Sir Thomas More
bullet 1536:  Act for the Dissolution of the Lesser Monasteries [in England]
bullet 1536:  Anne Boleyn's Speech at Her Execution
bullet 1536:  A contemporary account of Anne Boleyn's execution
bullet 1536:  Draft of a Poor Law - England - William Marshall
bullet 1536:  The Fall of Anne Boleyn
bullet 1536:  Letter of Princess Mary to Her Father, King Henry VIII
bullet 1536:  The Pilgrimage of Grace
bullet 1536-46:  Letters and Instructions - St. Ignatius Loyola
bullet 1537:  Jane Seymour's pregnancy is announced
bullet 1537:  The Smalcald Articles - Martin Luther
bullet 1539:  Act for the Dissolution of Greater Monasteries [in England]
bullet 1539:  Anne of Cleves arrives in England & marries Henry VIII
bullet 1539:  The Six Articles
bullet 1539:  The Suppression of Glastonbury Abbey
bullet 1540:  Institutes of the Christian Religion - John Calvin (full text)
bullet 1541:  Ecclesiastical Ordinances
bullet 1541:  The Fall of Catherine Howard
bullet 1541:  Spiritual Exercises - St. Ignatius Loyola
bullet 1542:  Pope Paul III - Canons of Justification (from the Council of Trent)
bullet 1543:  "The Jews and Their Lives" - Martin Luther
bullet 1543:  The Necessity of Reforming the Church - John Calvin
bullet 1554:  Letter of Queen Elizabeth to to Catherine Parr
bullet 1545:  Henry VIII's speech before Parliament
bullet 1545-1563:  The Council of Trent - first session
bullet 1547:  "Decree on Justification" (6th. Session) - Council of Trent
bullet 1547:  The Council of Trent: Catechism for Parish Priests
bullet 1547:  The Council of Trent: Rules on Prohibited Books
bullet 1575:  Ordinances For The Regulation of the Churches Dependent Upon the Seigniory of Geneva
bullet 1549:  Act of Uniformity
bullet 1549:  Edward VI's journal
bullet 1549:  Wedding Ceremony -- From the prayerbook of Edward VI
bullet 1550:  John Knox - The Mass is Idolatry
bullet 1550:  The Magdeburg Confession
bullet 1551:  Letter of Edward VI to His Sister Mary
bullet 1551:  St. Francis Xavier - Letter from Japan, to the Society of Jesus at Goa
bullet 1552:  The Execution of the Duke of Somerset
bullet 1552:  St. Francis Xavier - Letter from Japan, to the Society of Jesus in Europe
bullet 1553:  Circular Letter to the Lieutenants of Counties, Announcing the Accession of Lady Jane [Gray] to the Crown
bullet 1553:  The Coronation of Queen Jane
bullet 1553:  John Knox - Treatise on Prayer
bullet 1553-1554:  State Papers of the Reign of Queen Mary I
bullet 1554:  The Executions of Lady Jane Grey and Lord Guildford Dudley
bullet 1554:  Letter of Lady Jane Grey to Mary I
bullet 1554:  Mary I's speech at the Guildhall
bullet 1555:  Peace of Augsburg - select documents
bullet 1556:  The Execution of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer
bullet 1556:  John Knox - Answers to Some Questions Concerning Baptism
bullet 1557:  A Contemporary Description of Mary I
bullet 1557-1566:  Excerpts from the Index of Prohibited Books
bullet 1558:  "Faith and Justification" from The Christian Faith - Theodore Beza
bullet 1558:  The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women - John Knox
bullet 1558:  Mary Tudor's Will
bullet 1559:  Elizabeth I's speech to Parliament concerning marriage (2/10)
bullet 1559:  Elizabeth I's "Supremacy Act"
bullet 1560:  The Scottish Confession of Faith
bullet 1561-4:  History of the Reformation of Religion Within the Realm of Scotland (first interview with Queen Mary - John Knox
bullet 1563:  Acts of the Council of Trent
bullet 1563:  The 39 Articles
bullet 1563-65:  The Reformed Church 'Under the Cross'- Extracts from the so-called Walloon Synods
bullet 1565:  "The Harvesters" - painting by Pieter Brueghel, the Elder
bullet 1566:  Calvinist Preaching in French Flanders
bullet 1566:  Eye-Witness Account of Image-breaking at Antwerp, Flanders, Tourne, Holland, Utrect, and Friedland
bullet 1568:  "The Peasant Dance" - painting by Pieter Brueghel, the Elder
bullet 1568:  "The Peasant Wedding" - painting by Pieter Brueghel, the Elder
bullet 1570:  Instructions issued on behalf of my Lord, the Prince of Orange (11/24)
bullet 1570:  Pope Pius V's Bull Against Queen Elizabeth I
bullet 1571, 1662:  The Thirty-Nine Articles
bullet 1571:  Treasons Act (Elizabeth I's reign)
bullet 1572:  The Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day - by the historian De Thou (1553-1617)
bullet 1583:  Queen Elizabeth's speech on religion
bullet 1584:  The Bond of Association
bullet 1585:  The Act of Association
bullet 1586:  Letter from Queen Elizabeth to Mary of Scotland (October)
bullet 1587:  The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots
bullet 1587:  The Last Letter of Mary, Queen of Scots
bullet 1586:  Letter from Elizabeth I to Mary, Queen of Scots
bullet 1587:  Letter from Elizabeth I to James VI of Scotland
bullet 1593:  Act Against the Puritans - Elizabeth I
bullet 1597:  A private audience with Queen Elizabeth I as recorded by Andre Hurault the French Ambassador (12/8)
bullet 1600:  "Christ Driving the Traders from the Temple" - painting by El Greco
bullet 1601:  British Poor Law
bullet 1601:  Queen Elizabeth's "Golden Speech" concerning England's economic state of affairs (11/30)
bullet 1604:  James I's Proclamation for the Use of the Book of Common Prayer
bullet 1605:  Transcript of the Trial of Guy Fawkes and others in the Gunpowder Plot
bullet 1606:  "The Arraignment and Execution of Guy Fawkes" - The Weekely Newes (1/1)
bullet 1606:  Religious Conditions in the Province of Utrecht
bullet 1616:  Shakespeare's Last Will and Testament
bullet 1617:  Hsu Kuang-Chi - Memorial to Fra Matteo Ricci
bullet 1623:  The Elizabethan Homilies
bullet 1623-24:  "David" - sculpture by Bernini
bullet 1629:  Resolutions on Religion Presented by a Committee of The House of Commons
bullet 1644:  Letter to the Kirks in the Netherlands
bullet 1645-52:  "The Ecstasy of St. Theresa of Avila" - sculpture by Gianlorenzo Bernini
bullet 1662:  The English Book of Common Prayer