bullet "The Age of Ideologies (1):  General Introduction" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History 
bullet "The Age of Ideologies (2):  Reflections on Karl Marx" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet "The Age of Ideologies (3):  The World of Auguste Comte" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet Before Victoria:  Extraordinary Women of the Romantic Era (NY Public Library)
bullet The Bentham Project
bullet The Bourbons:  A Genealogical Chart (France)
bullet British House of Commons Election Results:  1832-1983 (Spartacus Site)
bullet British Parliamentary Reforms (1802-1918) - list of major laws in chart form
bullet British Women Romantic Poets:  1789-1832
bullet Caspar David Friedrich
bullet Cato Street Conspiracy (Spartacus Site)
bullet Charles Dickens (Spartacus Site)
bullet Chartism
bullet Chronology of 1848 Revolutions
bullet A Chronology of Russian History:  The Imperial Period (1689-1917)
bullet The Congress of Vienna
bullet The Congress of Vienna and the Congress System:  1814-1848
bullet The Congress of Vienna System and Challenges
bullet Conservatism and Reactionism
bullet Costumes Françaises:  The Reign of Louis XVIII
bullet Delegates to the Congress of Vienna
bullet "Enfranchising Women: The Politics of Women's Suffrage in Europe 1789-1945" - tutorial with documents and other resources
bullet Europe:  1815-1852
bullet The France of Victor Hugo
bullet "The French Revolution and the Socialist Tradition:  Early French Communists (1)" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet "The French Revolution and Democratic Socialist Tradition:  English Democratic Socialists (2)" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet The Great Famine (BBC)
bullet The Great Irish Famine
bullet The Great Starvation and British Imperialism in Ireland
bullet "The Greek Revolution and the Greek State" - lecture by Steven W. Sowards
bullet Hegel Online - Hypertext
bullet "A Historian Looks at Hegel Philosophically" - David Burrell
bullet History of the Irish Famine
bullet The Hohenzollerns:  Genealogical Chart (Brandenburg/Prussia)
bullet The House of Habsburgs - Lorraine:  Genealogical Chart
bullet The House of Savoy
bullet The House of Saxe-Coburg-Windsor Genealogical Chart (England)
bullet An Introduction to Marxism
bullet The Irish Potato Famine - 8-part history with period illustrations
bullet Jacques-Louis David- Empire to Exile (Getty Exhibitions)
bullet Jeremy Bentham (Spartacus Site)
bullet John Stuart Mill (Spartacus Site)
bullet John Wesley
bullet Joseph de Maistre Quotations
bullet Journeys in Time:  1809-1822 - the Journals of Lachlan and Elizabeth Macquarie (New South Wales, Australia)
bullet Liberalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
bullet The Long FAQ on Liberalism
bullet Map-->"The Americas:  1800-1836"
bullet Map-->"Europe in the Mid-19c"
bullet Map-->"Italy in 1815"        ...in 1748
bullet The Marxist Internet Archive
bullet Mary Wollstonecraft (Spartacus Site)
bullet The Peel Web
bullet Penny Magazine online (Britain) - issues from 1832-1835
bullet People of Action During the 19c
bullet People of Ideas During the 19c
bullet A "Perverse and Ill-Fated People": English Perceptions of the Irish, 1845-52  - Ed Lengel in Essays in History
bullet The Pre-Raphaelite Movement (Artcyclopedia) - large list of artists and their works
bullet Prince Metternich and the New Social Order:  1815-1848
bullet The Principles of Communism - Frederick Engels
bullet Proceedings of the Old Bailey Online:  1674-1834
bullet Queen Victoria (Spartacus Site)
bullet Realism (Artcyclopedia) - large list of artists and their works
bullet The Regency Fashion Page
bullet Robert Peel (Spartacus Site)
bullet The Romantic Art Movement (Artcyclopedia) - large list of artists and their works
bullet The Romantic Chronology
bullet Romantic Circles
bullet Romantic Epics
bullet Romanticism in Music
bullet Romanticism on the Net
bullet The Romanov Dynasty:  Genealogical Chart (Russia)
bullet "The Romantic Era:  A Critique on the Enlightenment" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet Romantic Links, Electronic Texts, & Home Pages
bullet Schools of Economic/Political Thought
bullet The Sermons of John Wesley
bullet Slavery:  How did the Abolition Acts of 1807 and 1833 Affect Slavery?
bullet Socialism, Marxism, and Trade Unionism - crib sheet
bullet Soren Kierkegaard - biography
bullet The Spanish Bourbons:  Genealogical Chart
bullet "The Springtime of the Peoples" - articles on the 1830 and 1848 revolutions by Carlos Acuňa-Dunn
bullet A Study Guide for The Communist Manifesto
bullet "Tallyrand and the Congress of Vienna" - essay
bullet Utilitarianism - Powerpoint presentation online (20 slides)
bullet Utilitarianism Resources
bullet "The Utopian Socialists:  Charles Fournier (1)" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet "The Utopian Socialists:  Robert Owen and Saint-Simon (2)" - from the Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History
bullet Utopians and Socialists
bullet "The Western Traditions" video series on line - The Annenburg Foundation
bullet William Blake (Spartacus Site)
bullet Women Romantic-Era Writers


    
                             How to read a primary source document
                                   
Why Study History Through Primary Sources

bullet 1695-1845:  Accounts of the "Potato Revolution"
bullet 1784:  Johann Gottfrief von Herder - Materials for the Philosophy of the History of Mankind
bullet 1798:  Essay on Population - Thomas Malthus
bullet 1798:  The Tables Turned - poem by William Wordsworth
bullet 1798:  Tintern Abbey - poem by William Wadsworth
bullet early 19c:  An Assortment of Grimms' Fairy Tales
bullet 1805:  Friedrich von Schiller - Wilhelm Tell
bullet 1806:  "Immortal Beloved" love letter - Beethoven
bullet 1808:  Address to the German Nation - Johann Gottlieb Fichte
bullet 1808:  On Censorship - Prinz Klemens von Metternich
bullet 1809-10:  "Abbey in an Oak Forest" - painting by Caspar David Friedrich
bullet 1810:  The Divine Origins of Constitutions - Joseph DeMaistre
bullet 1812-1820:  G. W. F. Hegel - The Dialectic of History
bullet 1813:  The Frankfurt Declaration
bullet 1813-1816:  Robert Owen - A New View of Society
bullet 1814:  Documents upon the Transition to the Restoration of the French Monarchy
bullet 1814:  French Constitutional Charter of 1814 (6/4)
bullet 1814:  "The Vienna Congress" - from the memoirs of Prince Metternich
bullet 1815:  "Grounds for Restricting Import of Corn" - Thomas Malthus
bullet 1815:  The Holy Alliance
bullet 1815:  "On the Sovereignty of the People" - Benjamin Constant
bullet 1815-1825:  Klemens von Metternich - excerpts from Memoirs
bullet 1816:  "Kubla Khan or, a Vision In a Dream: A Fragment" - poem by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
bullet 1816:  Robert Owen's Appearance Before Robert Peel's House of Commons Committee
bullet 1816:  "Song of the Luddites" - poem by Lord Byron
bullet 1817:  "Abbey Graveyard in the Snow" - painting by Caspar David Friedrich
bullet 1817:  "Conditions in Italy" - from the memoirs of Prince Metternich
bullet 1817:  "The Iron Law of Wages" - Thomas Malthus
bullet 1817:  The Principles of Political Economy - David Ricardo
bullet 1818:  Adam Neale - The Romanian Principalities
bullet 1819:  "The Call to Freedom" & "The Mask of Anarchy" - poems by Percy Bysshe Shelley
bullet 1819:  Carlsbad Decrees/Resolutions
bullet 1819:  Eyewitness Accounts of the Peterloo Massacre   
bullet 1819:  "The Mask of Anarchy" - poem by Percy Byssche Shelley
bullet 1819:  William MacMichael - The Court at Bucharest
bullet 1819-27:  Press Laws and Ordinances of the Restoration of the French Press
bullet 1820:  Four Letters on Liberty of the Press and Public Discussion - Jeremy Bentham
bullet 1820:  Philosophy of Right - Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Hegel (full text) 
bullet 1820:  Preliminary Protocol of Troppau  
bullet 1820:  Prinz Klemens von Metternich's "Political Confession of Faith"
bullet 1820:  Report to the County of Lanark - Robert Owen
bullet 1820:  Theory of Social Organization - Charles Fourier
bullet 1820s:  "The Isle of Greece" - poem by Lord Byron
bullet 1820s:  Mary Shelley - The Last Man
bullet 1821:  Letters to Malthus on Political Economy - Jean Baptiste Say
bullet 1823:  Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation - Jeremy Bentham (full text)
bullet 1823:  James Monroe - Monroe Doctrine
bullet 1924:  "The Case for Immediate, Not Gradual Abolition" - Elizabeth Heyrick
bullet 1824:  Renewal of the Carlsbad Decrees (7/18)
bullet 1824:  Sydney Smith - Fallacies of Anti-Reformers
bullet 1825:  Appeal of One Half of the Human Race, Women, against the Pretensions of the Other Half, Men - William Thompson (and Anna Doyle Wheeler
bullet 1826:  "Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi" - painting by Delacroix
bullet 1827:  The Treaty of London for Greek Independence
bullet 1828:  "The Address of Female Political Association of Nottingham to the Patriotic Women of England - Northern Star (12/8)
bullet 1828:  Sir Robert Peel's letter to Henry Hobhouse, Home Secretary about establishing a Metropolitan Police
bullet 1829:  Aboard a Slave Ship
bullet 1829:  Catholic Emancipation Act
bullet 1830:  The Constitutional Code - Jeremy Bentham
bullet 1830:  Creation of the Kingdom of Belgium
bullet 1830:  The French Constitution of 1830
bullet 1830:  "Liberty Leading the People" - painting by Delacroix
bullet 1831:  Désirée Veret to Father Enfantin: Letter to Le Globe (9/11)
bullet 1831:  "The Metamorphosis of King Louis-Philippe into a Pear - sketch by Charles Philipon
bullet 1831:  "The Narrative of Mary Prince" - a black slave from the West Indies
bullet 1831:  "Revolution in Modena and the Papal Lands" - from the memoirs of Prince Metternich
bullet 1832:  Debates Amongst Lyonnais Weavers and Republicans
bullet 1832:  Francois Guizot - Condition of the July Monarchy
bullet 1832:  Tsar Nicholas I - Imperial Manifesto on Poland
bullet 1833:  "Jewish Disabilities" -  A speech delivered in A Committee of the Whole House of Commons by Thomas Babington Macaulay
bullet 1836:  Daniel O'Connell on "Justice for Ireland"
bullet 1836:  Extract is from the first report of the Prison Inspectors taken from Parliamentary Papers writing about Newgate Gaol in London
bullet 1836:  Michael J. Quin - A Voyage Down the Danube
bullet 1838:  Thomas Carlyle - On Sir Walter Scott
bullet 1839:  "Education and Capacities of Women"
bullet 1840:  Aims and Rules of the National Charter Association
bullet 1840:  The Organization of Labor - Louis Blanc
bullet 1840:  "Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On [The Slave Ship)" - painting by Joseph Turner
bullet 1841:  'Address to the Women of England' - English Chartist Circular
bullet 1841:  Alexander Ledru-Rollin - Speech to the Electors of Sarthe
bullet 1841:  Chartism and Temperance
bullet 1842:  Account of the Strikes of 1842 (England)
bullet 1843:  Principles of International Law - Jeremy Bentham
bullet 1844:  The Alienation of Labor - Karl Marx
bullet 1844:  Estranged Labor - Karl Marx
bullet 1844-75:  Scientific Socialism - Karl Marx
bullet 1845:  The condition of the labourers in Ireland
bullet 1845:  'Le Prêtre...' - Jules Michelet
bullet 1846:  Henry David Thoreau - Civil Disobedience
bullet 1847:  Communist Confession of Faith - Engels (June)
bullet 1847:  English Views of the Irish Potato Famine (several different links)
bullet 1847:  Letter of Alexander Somerville on the Irish Potato Famine
bullet 1847:  The Misery That Was Ireland- The Potato Famine - W. Stewart Trench
bullet 1847:  Narrative of a Recent Six Weeks Journey in Ireland - William Bennett
bullet 1847:  Principles of Communism - Engels
bullet 1848:  Account of the Events of April 10th, 1848 in London - Chartist Demonstration
bullet 1848:  Alexander Petofi - The National Song of Hungary
bullet 1848:  Anti-Republican Catechism for the People - a counter-revolutionary pamphlet distributed in Berlin
bullet 1848:  "Chartism and the State, April 1848" - J. Saville
bullet 1848:  "The Chartist Procession according to the Signatures of the Petition" - cartoons from Punch (4/15)
bullet 1848:  Communist Manifesto - Marx & Engels (full text)
bullet 1848:  The Declaration of Sentiments - Seneca Falls Conference
bullet 1848:  The French Revolution in 1848 - Percy B. St. John
bullet 1848:  Louis Napoleon - campaign address
bullet 1848:  Metternich's Letter to Tsar Nicholas I informing him of his resignation
bullet 1849:  Alphonse de Lamartine - History of the Revolution of 1848 in France
bullet 1849:  Frankfurt Constitution
bullet 1851:  Woman's Rights and Chartism: a verdict in 1851
bullet 1852-3:  The Peasants War in Germany (excerpt) - Friedrich Engels
bullet 1854:  A French Description of Nicholas I
bullet 1859:  From On Liberty - John Stuart Mill