Assignment #1
 

Sources:

 

Questions:

  1. What were the long-term origins of the "irreconcilable" differences between the various European Great Powers in the years after 1870?  Where were the political "hotspots?"
  2. Why was Bismarck called "the honest broker" of the Berlin Congress?  What did he actually "broker" there?
  3. Of what significance for international relations was the rivalry for the spoils of the Ottoman Empire?
  4. Why did Austria enter into a mutual defense pact with Germany?  Why did Bismarck persuade Russia to join it in 1881?
  5. What was Bismarck's political goal in all of his diplomatic maneuverings in the 1880s?
  6. What were the terms of the Triple Alliance [see doc. on pg. 966]? 
  7. Why wasn't Bismarck able to maintain an alliance between Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia?  Why did he negotiate the Triple Alliance?
  8. How did Kaiser Wilhelm II's actions and behavior in the 1890s antagonize the British government?
  9. Regarding the major international crises of the 1905-1911 period:
    - Identify these major international crises.
    - What were their causes? 
    - How were they resolved? 
    - What effects did they have on the political alliances in Europe?
  10. How do you think Bismarck might have handled each of these crises?
  11. Why did the British become more closely allied with France by 1908?  What developments led the British to abandon their "splendid isolation?" 
  12. Evaluate the following statement:  The statesmen of Europe became conditioned by the many crises to believe that war could be avoided by international conferences and compromises.  by discussing these events-->the First & Second Moroccan Crises;  the Bosnian Crisis;  the First & Second Balkan Wars.
  13. Why did Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife go to the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo in 1914?
 
  Assignment #2
 

Sources:

 

Task:

  • HOH: "Who is to blame for starting World War I?"
 
  Assignment #3
 

Sources:

  • textbook:  mid-pg. 830 to end of pg. 839.   
  • PowerPoint: "World War I."
 

Questions:

  1. What was Germany's biggest military problem at the outbreak of World War I?  How did she intend to overcome it?  Why did her plan fail?
  2. Why were the military engagements on both the Western and Eastern Fronts so deadly?
  3. Why was World War I called a war of attrition?
  4. What did the Allies promise Italy for her commitment to fight on their side?
  5. How was life on the home front affected by the war?
  6. How was civilian morale maintained in the face of "total war?"
  7. Why were the Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires less able to adapt and adjust to the new challenges presented by a modern global war?
  8. How did the role of women in the workplace change during World War I [see the doc. on pg. 837]?
  9. Why could World War I be described as "the first major war of the Industrial Revolution?"
  10. Why did the U. S. enter the War in 1917?  What impact did this have on the outcome of the war?
 
  Assignment #4
 

Sources:

  • textbook:  end of pg. 839 to mid-pg. 842.   
 

Questions:

  1. Why did the Central Powers loose World War I?
  2. How was the Arab Revolt and the political deals made between Britain, France, and the Jewish and Arab communities within Europe and the Ottoman Empire a portend of future problems in the Middle East? 
  3. How did the war itself have some of the effects of a revolution?
  4. What was the political state of Germany immediately after her surrender to the Allies?
  5. Which social classes in European society fared better from the war?  Which were less fortunate?  Why the differences?
  6. How does war affect the social mores of a nation?
  7. What was the psychological impact of of World War I on Europeans?
  8. How did World War I affect the economies of most European countries?  What role did war technology play in this transformation?
  9. What were the demographic changes brought about by World War I?
 
  Assignment #5
 

Sources:

 

Questions:

  1. What were the specific issues and over-riding principles expressed in President Wilson's Fourteen Points?
  2. Identify all of the following nations that emerged after World War I from the collapse of the old Empires.
  3. Why did the Marxists feel that post-World War I Germany was ripe for a communist revolution?
  4. Who were the "Big Four?"
  5. Identify the major agreements reached at the Paris Peace Conference concerning the following:  territorial changes;  disposition of the German colonies;  restriction on German naval and military power;  reparations.
  6. Why was Article 231 written into the Versailles Treaty?  What objections might legitimately be raised to it?
  7. Why was Italy a "problem" for the other Allies at the Paris Peace Conference?
  8. How were the conflicting interests in the Middle East "resolved" after World War I?
  9. What were the differences between Class A, B, and C League of Nations mandates?  Why were they created by the League in the first place?
  10. To what extent was the peace settlement a victory for the principle of "self-determination?"
  11. How did World War I and the peace treaties change the political structure of Europe?
  12. How did the U. S. and Japan benefit most from their participation in World War I?
  13. What were some of the major mistakes made by the participants at the Paris Peace Conference?
  14. Why was there so much disillusionment after the Versailles Treaty was signed?
 
                
 
 
 

                
 
Quizzes:
  1. Textbook Quiz --> chapter 27
  2. Other Quizzes:  A   B 
Outlines / Lecture Notes:
  1. "1848-1914" (Mr. Mercado)
  2. "1914-1945" (Mr. Mercado)
  3. "World War I" (Paul Halsall, Fordham University)
  4. "World War I"
  5. lecture outline --> "A New World Order:  Imperialism and World War I" (Prof. David McGee, Central Virginia Community College)
Review Sheets:
  1. Giant EHAP Review Sheet by a student from the class of '04, Horace Greeley HS
  2. chart --> "Social History Study Guide" (Mr. Mercado)
  3. chart --> "Economics Development Study Guide" (Mr. Mercado)
  4. chart --> "The Rise of Constitutionalism and Liberalism" (Mr. Mercado)

 


   
 

Ten Commandments of Good Historical Writing

College Board A. P. European History Course Description (.pdf file)