Assignment #1
 

Sources:

 

Questions:

  1. How were the principles of restoration and legitimacy applied to early 19c Europe?
  2. What did Tsar Alexander I mean by a "Holy" Alliance?  Which European country refused to go along and why?
  3. Identify some of the groups that were opposed to the peace settlement agreed to in Vienna.  What were their main objectives?
  4. What was the basis of Metternich's idea of a "Concert of Europe?"  Why was it created?  Why did Britain object to the idea?
  5. Identify some of the areas of Europe that experienced uprisings/revolts in the 1820s.  Which ones were successful?
  6. What factors made it possible for the Habsburgs to sustain their power and control over a very heterogeneous, polyglot empire in the 19c?
  7. What were some of the restrictions placed on German society by the Carlsbad Decrees of 1819? [see doc. on pg. 650]
  8. Despite several reactionary tendencies, why might Prussia have been considered a more progressive European state in the early 19c?
  9. How did the Zollverein aid in the eventual unification of Germany later on in the century?
  10. What were the political conditions which led to revolts in some of the Italian states and in Spain in the 1820s?  How were these revolts dealt with by the Concert of Europe nations?
  11. What were some of the achievements of Louis XVIII's reign?
  12. To what extent did the Charter of 1814 accept the changes of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era?
  13. How was the reign of Charles X [of France] more reactionary than his brother's reign?  What led to his ultimate abdication in 1830?
 
  Assignment #2
 

Sources:

 

Questions:

  1. Identify some of the major themes of the Romantic movement.
  2. How did the attitudes of Romanticism differ from those of the Enlightenment?  Why did the romantics reject the rationalism of the Enlightenment?
  3. How did both conservatives and radicals draw upon the Romantic movement in reinforcing their own political/social views?
  4. What characteristics of Romanticism were revealed in Poe's tale and Blake's poem?
  5. What was the role of the "hero" in human history, according to Thomas Carlyle?
  6. How did the actual lives of the romantics often reflect their romantic ideals?
  7. Identify some of the key Romantic composers.  How did they express the ideas of the Romantic movement in their music?
  8. In what ways was romantic music a radical departure from the past?
  9. How did Methodism and Pietism fit into the Romantic Movement?
 
  Assignment #3
 

Sources:

 

Questions:

  1. As you read through the assigned pages, make a bulleted list on the chart of the basic ideological principles of the different schools of 19c social thought.
  2. Why would Edmund Burke be considered the "Father of 19c Conservatism?"
  3. What role did established religion play in society, according to the ultra-conservatives like Joseph de Maistre?  What were they most afraid of?  [see doc. on pg. 677]
  4. Identify the major beliefs of economic liberals such as Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo.  How did their theories make it difficult for social reformers to persuade government intervention to help the poor?
  5. Why didn't most liberals in the 19c favor democracy?
  6. What is utilitarianism?  How was "the good" in society and government determined, according to Jeremy Bentham?
  7. Identify some of the major liberal views of John Stuart Mill.  Why was he considered to be one of the most influential liberals of the 19c?
  8. What was Mill's view on the treatment of women in 19c society?  [see doc. on pg. 679]
  9. How did the ideas of Saint-Simon, Charles Fournier, and Robert Owen reflect the broad range of socialist thinking in the early 19c?  What did their ideas have in common?
  10. Were 19c liberals the same as 20c liberals?
  11. What were the major criticisms made by socialist reformers concerning the capitalist world?  organized religion?  marriage and the family?
 
  Assignment #4
 

Task:

  • textbook:  pg. 694 - 700.  
 

Questions:

  1. How was the conservative mood in Europe reflected in early 19c British domestic politics?  What was the Peterloo Massacre?  How did the British government respond to it?
  2. What political issues were addressed by the British Reform Bill of 1832?  Why was it a disappointment to many radicals?
  3. What was Chartism?  Identify some of its key issues [see doc. on pg. 697]?  Why did it fail?
  4. What modern-day political techniques were used by the Anti-Corn Law League?  Why were they successful?
  5. Why did Britain take an active role in helping southern Netherlands gain its independence and become the neutral country of Belgium?
  6. Why was independent in the 1830s more democratic than France on the one hand, and less so on the other?
  7. What reform programs were initiated by Louis Philippe?  Why was he called the "Citizen-King?"
  8. How was the new French constitution which ushered in the July Monarchy in 1830 different from previous French constitutions?
  9. Identify the different opposition groups in France in the 1830s.
  10. How "liberal" was the 1834 Spanish Constitution?
 
                
 
 
 

                
 
Quizzes:
  1. Textbook Quiz --> chapter 22     chapter 23
  2. Other Quizzes:  A   B 
Outlines / Lecture Notes:
  1. "1815-1848" (Mr. Mercado)
  2. "Romantic Period" (Paul Halsall, Fordham University)
  3. "Liberalism and Conservatism" (Paul Halsall, Fordham University)
  4. outline --> "Romanticism"
  5. lecture outline --> "Reactionism, Liberalism, and Nationalism" (Prof. David McGee, Central Virginia Community College)
Review Sheets:
  1. Mine
  2. Giant EHAP Review Sheet by a student from the class of '04, Horace Greeley HS
  3. chart --> "Social History Study Guide" (Mr. Mercado)
  4. chart --> "The Rise of Constitutionalism and Liberalism" (Mr. Mercado)

 


   
 

Ten Commandments of Good Historical Writing

College Board A. P. European History Course Description (.pdf file)