Assignment #1
 

Sources:

 

Questions:

  1. What do historical demographers do?   economic historians?
  2. Why did population increase dramatically in Europe in the 18c?
  3. With the exception of Britain, why didn't the birthrates in most regions of Europe increase in the 18c?  Why was England an exception to this trend?
  4. What were the reasons for the gradual growth of the economies of most European countries in the 18c?
  5. What were the effects of the greater increase in money rents in comparison to a much smaller increase in real wages by the end of the 18c?
  6. What was proto-industrialization?  What were the economic, social, and demographic repercussions of this type of economic development?
  7. What are the economic differences between "performance" and "structure" in economics?
  8. Identify some of the impediments to economic innovation and entrepreneurship?
  9. List the major points made by Adam Smith in his classic work, The Wealth of Nations.
  10. What geographic and historical advantages did England have that allowed her to be the first European country to industrialize?  [you should be able to identify at least seven!]
  11. How was France's economic environment in the 18c so different from that of Great Britain?
 
  Assignment #2
 

Sources:

  • textbook:  pg. 536 to top of pg. 542.   
  • PowerPoint: "18c European Proto-Industrialization."
 

Questions:

  1. Why had the putting-out system reached its organizational and technological limits by the early 18c?
  2. What new 18c inventions made the creation of the modern factory system possible?
  3. How did English farming become more productive during the 18c?
  4. Why was the open-field system an inefficient way to engage in agricultural activities?
  5. How did enclosure differ from the open-field system?
  6. What was the impact of enclosure on large landowners?   on poor tenant farmers?   on the English countryside?
  7. What was the connection between industrialization and the enclosure movement?
  8. How did serfdom differ in Prussia and the Habsburg Empire from the rest of Eastern Europe?
  9. What obligations did the peasants have to their landlords?   to their king?
  10. How was the economic status of the French peasants somewhat different from the peasants in other Western European countries?
 
  Assignment #3
 

Sources:

  • textbook:  pg. 542 - pg. 551.   
  • film clips:  Simon Schama's "History of Britain."
 

Questions:

  1. Why did the United Provinces decline as a major maritime power by the early 18c?
  2. Identify the regions of the world that were major areas of commercial competition among the European nations in the 18c.
  3. How was mercantilism an economic monopolistic system?
  4. Why did "empire" generally mean "trade" in the 18c?
  5. What role did slavery play in 18c global commercial activities?
  6. Why did the British win the French and Indian War?
  7. What were the major components of the 1763 Treaty of Paris?
  8. What was India like politically in the early 18c?  How did the French and the British gradually increase their influence and power there?
  9. Why was the Battle of Plassey in 1757 a turning point in British-Indian relations in the 18c?
  10. What role did the state of Bengal play on the Indian subcontinent in the 18c?  How were the British able to gain control over it?
  11. How did the India Act of 1784 affect the status of the London East India Company?
  12. What were the results of Lord Cornwallis' policy of turning India's rural gentry into landlords by giving them title deeds?
  13. Explain how the British created a political infrastructure in India that supported the British Raj?
  14. What was the British view of India in the 1830s?  How was this view different from earlier views?
 
                
 
 
 

                
 
Quizzes:
  1. Textbook Quiz --> chapter 18
  2. Other Quizzes:  A   B 
Outlines / Lecture Notes:
  1. "1300-1815" (Mr. Mercado)
  2. "Industrial Revolution:  England and Europe in the 1800's" (Paul Halsall, Fordham University)
Review Sheets:
  1. Mine
  2. Giant EHAP Review Sheet by a student from the class of '04, Horace Greeley HS
  3. chart --> "Social History Study Guide" (Mr. Mercado)
  4. chart --> "Economics Development Study Guide" (Mr. Mercado)

 


   
 

Ten Commandments of Good Historical Writing

College Board A. P. European History Course Description (.pdf file)