Primary Source Documents
bullet The Age of Exploration (Mariner's Museum, Newport News VA)
bullet American Beginnings: The European Presence in North America, 1492-1690 (National Humanities Center)
bullet "The Columbian Exchange" - Alfred Crosby (Gilda Lehrman)
bullet Discovery and Exploration (LOC)
bullet The Dutch in America: 1609-1664 (LOC)
bullet Electronic Online Resources from the John Carter Brown Library (Brown University) - many different collections on early North American colonization and Native Indian images, etc.
bullet First-hand Accounts of Virginia, 1575-1705 (Virtual Jamestown)
bullet Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: Central America, 8000 B. C. - present (MMA)
bullet Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History: North America, 8000 B. C. - present (MMA)
bullet Internet Resources on Native American Studies (Pima Community College)
bullet Jamestown, Québec, Santa Fe: Three North American Beginnings (National Museum of American History, The Smithsonian)
bullet The Lenapes: A Study of Hudson Valley Indians (Marist College)
bullet The Life and Voyages of Henry Hudson (Ian Chadwick)
bullet Map-->"Hohokam and Anasazi Sites"
bullet Map-->"The Inca empire and the principle earlier cultures"
bullet Map-->"Indian Settlement of America"
bullet Map-->"Mound building cultures of North America"
bullet Map-->"Native American Population Loss, 1500–1700" (interactive)
bullet Map-->"Roanoke Colony, 1584-1590"
bullet Map-->"Spanish America to 1610"
bullet Map-->"The Spanish Empire and Global Labor system"
bullet Museum of the Native American Resource Center (University of NC at Pembroke)
bullet The National Museum of the American Indian
bullet Native Americans Documents Project
bullet Native American Nations
bullet Native American Resources (Center for Multilingual Multicultural Research)
bullet Native American Voices (Digital History)
bullet Native Tech: Native American Technology and Art
bullet Native Web
bullet The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 Northern New Mexico
bullet Tribal Court Clearing House
bullet Virtual Museum of New France (Canadian Museum of Civilization)

                                           Web Links
How to read a primary source document
                                   Why Study History Through Primary Sources
bullet 1000:  The Saga of Eric the Red
bullet 1000:  The Vinland History of the Flat Island Book
bullet 1492:  Articles of Agreement Between the Lords the Catholic Sovereigns and Cristóbal Colon
bullet 1492:  Journal of the First Voyage of Columbus
bullet 1493:  Christopher Columbus, Letter to Luis de Sant' Angel
bullet 1493:  Letter from Columbus to Ferdinand and Isabella Concerning the Colonization and Commerce of Española
bullet 1493:  Letter from Columbus to Luis de Santangel
bullet 1519:  Aztec Account of the Spanish, From the Messenger's Report
bullet 1524:  Voyage of John de Verazzano, along the Coast of North America, from Carolina to Newfoundland
bullet 1528-1536:  Indians of the Rio Grande - Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
bullet 1534:  First Relation of Jaques Carthier of S. Malo
bullet 1536:  Shorte and Briefe Narration (Cartier's Second Voyage), 1535-1536
bullet 1539:  Narrative of De Soto's Expedition Based on the Diary of Rodrigo Ranjel, His Private Secret
bullet 1540:  Report to Viceroy Mendoza Sent from Cibolaary - Francisco Vazques de Coronada (8/3)
bullet 1541:  Third Voyage of Discovery Made By Captaine Jaques Cartier
bullet 1541:  Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Report to the King from Tiguex, October
bullet 1542:  Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America - excerpts - Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca
bullet 1542:  Cabeza de Vaca describes the Indians of the Gulf Coast
bullet 1542:  In Defense of the Indians - excerpts - Bartolomé de Las Casas
bullet 1542:  Of the island of Hispaniola - Bartolomé de Las Casas
bullet 1542-1543:  Relations of the Voyage of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
bullet 1552:  A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia - Thomas Heriot, John White, and Richard Hakluyt
bullet 1557:  On the Reasons for the Just War Among the Indians - excerpts - Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda
bullet 1562:  Map of America - Diego Gutiérrez
bullet 1568:  Battle and Aftermath at Tenochtitlan
bullet 1579:  Sir Francis Drake on the California Coast
bullet 1582:  Declaration of Pedro de Bustamente
bullet 1582:  Declaration of Hernando Barrado
bullet 1583:  Brief and True Account of the Exploration of New Mexico
bullet 1583:  Sir Humphrey Gilbert's Voyage To Newfoundland - Edward Haies
bullet 1584:  Charter to Sir Walter Raleigh - Queen Elizabeth I of England
bullet 1585-1586:  Lane's Account of the Englishmen Left in Virginia - Ralph Lane
bullet 1588:  Depictions of Native American Women and British Tribal Woman
bullet 1588:  First Interactions and Mutual Impressions between English Settlers and Indians of North Carolina Coast
bullet 1588:  Frontspiece of Thomas Hariot's Brief and True Report... [illustrated by Theodore de Bry]
bullet 1596-1598:  Record of Marches by the Army, New Spain to New Mexico
bullet 1596:  The Journey of Coronado, by Pedro de Casteneda
bullet 1598:  Trial of the Indians of Acoma
bullet 1599:  Account of the Discovery of the Buffalo - Juan de Oñate
bullet 1599:  Account by an Indian of the Flight of Umaña and Leyba from New Mexico
bullet 1599:  Letter written by Don Juan de Oñate from New Mexico to the Viceroy, the Count of Monterey (3/2)
bullet 1601:  Investigation of Conditions in New Mexico
bullet 1602-1603:  Diary of Sebastian Vizcaino
bullet 1605:  True Relation of Waymouth's Voyage - James Rosier
bullet 1608:  A True Relation - Captain John Smith
bullet 1612:  A Map of Virginia: With a Description of the Countrey, the Commodities, People, Government and Religion
bullet 1637:  Manners and Customs of the Indians (of New England) - Thomas Morton
bullet 1638 & 1663:  An Account of Two Voyages to New-England Made during the Years 1638, 1663
bullet 1640:  Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France - Paul Le Jeune and Jerome Lalemant
bullet 1673:  The Mississippi Voyage of Jolliet and Marquette
bullet 1677:  A Micmac Indian Replies to the French
bullet 1710:  Report and Relation of the New Conversions
bullet 1778:  A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean [all volumes] - Capt. James Cook

Ten Commandments of Good Historical Writing