Topic #8 Overview Sheet
 

  Assignment #1
 

Sources:

 

Questions:

  1. How did the United States change from the War of 1812 to the Civil War?
  2. What were the new economic characteristics by the middle of the 19c of the Northeast?   the western lands? in the South and Southeast?
  3. What were the three trends that characterized the American population between 1820 and 1840?  What were were some of the reasons for the rapid population increases in this time period?
  4. Why was the rise of New York City so phenomenal?  What forces combined to make it America's leading city?
  5. How were the Irish and German patterns of settlement in America different?  What were the reasons for this difference?
  6. Why did industrialists, land speculators, and political bosses welcome large numbers of immigrants?
  7. List all of the arguments that the nativists made against the influx of large numbers of foreign immigrants.
  8. How did the nativists respond politically to the surge in immigration between 1830 and the 1850s?
  9. Why did Americans continue to use, whenever possible, water routes for transportation and travel?  What advantages did water have over land?
  10. How did Americans propose to overcome the geographic limitations on water travel?  What role was the federal government forced to play in this?  Why?
  11. Which area took the lead in canal development?  What was the effect of these canals on that section of the country?  How did other sections respond to this example?
  12. What advantages did railroads have over other forms of transportation?  What were the results of the introduction of major trunk lines on the nation into different regions of the country?
  13. What role did state and local governments play in the development of rail transportaion?  the role of the federal government?
  14. How did innovations in communications and journalism draw communities together?  How did these innovations help divide the sections?
 

Terms:

 
  Assignment #2
 

Sources:

  • textbook:  mid-pg. 272 - pg. 278; Pg. 283 to mid-pg. 285.  
  • document:  Lowell Factory Rules (1848).
 

Questions:

  1. What forces contributed to the rise of the factory in the Northeast?  How did this promote industrial development?
  2. What influence did technology have on the growth of American industry?  What role did the federal government play in this early stage of technological innovations?
  3. Who were the merchant capitalists?  Why did they begin to decline by the middle of the 19c?  Who replaced them?
  4. What role did American inventors and industrial ingenuity play in the growth of American industry?
  5. How did the textile mills recruit and use labor?  What was the general response to the Lowell method, by worker and by observer?
  6. How were working conditions for women and children in the textile mills somewhat better than in England or the rest of Europe?
  7. What problems did the "Lowell girls" have in adjusting to factory and factory-town life?
  8. What caused the breakdown of the Lowell [or Waltham] system?
  9. With the growth of industry came the growth of labor--what groups organized first, and why?
  10. What advantages did immigrant labor have over native labor?
  11. What impact did the factory system have on the American artisan tradition?
  12. What attempts were made to better conditions in northeastern factories?  What role did unions play in these attempts?  What was accomplished?
  13. What successes did worked in general achieve in the 1840s and 1850s in their attempts to unionize?  women specifically?
  14. How did the middle class concept of a woman's place within the family shift in the new industrial society of mid-19c America?
  15. What were some of the characteristics of a distinct female culture that developed during this early industrial age?
  16. What were some of the benefits to women of the "Cult of Domesticity?"
  17. Why did unmarried middle class women fare poorly in the era of the "Cult of Domesticity?"
 

Terms:

 
                
Quizzes:
  1. Textbook Quizzes -->  chapter 10
  2. My Quizzes -->  A     B

  3.  
Outlines / Lecture Notes / Review Sheets:
  1. APUSH Review Timeline (interactive)
  2. Giant AHAP Review Sheet by a student from the class of '04, Horace Greeley HS
  3. Lecture outline --> "The Market Revolution" (Prof. David McGee, Central Virginia Community College)
  4. Note Cards -->  351-400
  5. Presidential Election Data --> 1800    1804    1808    1812    1816    1820    1824

 



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